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We have previously shown that a stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; CXCL12)/CXCR4 system is involved in the establishment of lymph node metastasis, but not in that of distant metastasis, in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this study, we investigated the role of the autocrine SDF-1/CXCR4 system, with a focus on distant metastasis in oral SCC cells.(More)
Large numbers of apoptotic early diplotene oocytes were observed during the transition from ovary-like undifferentiated gonadal tissue to testes during sex differentiation in presumptive males of the zebrafish (Danio rerio). The percentage of terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL)-positive apoptotic oocytes in the(More)
Because neurons in the CA1 region of the hippocampus are vulnerable to forebrain ischemia, this model has been used for evaluating neuroprotective agents. We evaluated the 38-amino-acid variant of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP38), which had been previously shown to be neuroprotective in vitro against gp120-induced hippocampal(More)
Epiregulin, a novel epidermal growth factor (EGF)-related growth regulating peptide, was purified from conditioned medium of the mouse fibroblast-derived tumor cell line NIH3T3/clone T7. It was a 46-amino-acid single chain polypeptide, and its amino acid sequence exhibited 24-50% amino acid sequence identity with sequences of other EGF-related growth(More)
Dietary administration of a cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) inhibitor (fadrozole) in genetic female juveniles of zebrafish (Danio rerio) was performed at 15-40 days post-hatching. The percentage of gonadal masculinization in the genetic all-females at 40 days post-hatching, treated with 0, 10, 100 and 1000 microg fadrozole g(-1) diet(-1) were 0, 62.5,(More)
Epiregulin is a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family, and has certain characteristics that are different from that of EGF, including mitogenic responses and binding to EGF receptor (EGFR). Epiregulin may also have another cell surface receptor and/or induces different receptor heterodimerizations for intracellular signaling. We investigated(More)
We have demonstrated the possibility that the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; CXCL12)/CXCR4 system might be involved in the establishment of lymph node metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In order to further clarify the role of the SDF-1/CXCR4 system in oral SCC, we examined the expression of CXCR4 and SDF-1 in biopsy specimens from 61(More)
We undertook the present study to clarify the molecular mechanism of the effect of a new anti-cancer drug, vesnarinone, on a human salivary gland cancer cell line, TYS. We isolated TSC-22cDNA as avesnarinone-inducible gene from a cDNA library constructed from vesnarinone-treated TYS cells. TSC-22 was originally reported as a transforming growth factor(More)
14-3-3 sigma:, a target gene of the p53 tumour suppressor protein, has been shown to regulate the cell cycle at the G2/M checkpoint. Recent studies have demonstrated that 14-3-3 sigma is downregulated by hypermethylation of the CpG island in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the expression and methylation status of 14-3-3 sigma in(More)
We examined the expression of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) mRNA in the peripheral blood of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Eleven out of 12 oral SCC patients showed positive RT-PCR results. However, there is no clear relationship between the haematogenous CK20 mRNA and the metastasis. After(More)