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To define the mutation spectrum in non-Down syndrome acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (non-DS-AMKL), we performed transcriptome sequencing on diagnostic blasts from 14 pediatric patients and validated our findings in a recurrency/validation cohort consisting of 34 pediatric and 28 adult AMKL samples. Our analysis identified a cryptic chromosome 16 inversion(More)
Omenn syndrome is a variant form of severe combined immunodeficiency. It is fatal unless treated by allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), which is the only curative approach. However, both treatment-related complications and graft rejection are major obstacles to treatment success. This report describes a case with Omenn syndrome who developed mixed(More)
Translocation of the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene with AF4, AF9, or ENL results in acute leukemia with both lymphoid and myeloid involvement. We characterized leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) in primary infant MLL-rearranged leukemia using a xenotransplantation model. In MLL-AF4 patients, CD34(+)CD38(+)CD19(+) and CD34(-)CD19(+) cells initiated(More)
Pediatric acute megakaryoblastic leukemia in non-Down syndrome (AMKL) is a unique subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Novel CBFA2T3-GLIS2 and NUP98-KDM5A fusions recurrently found in AMKL were recently reported as poor prognostic factors. However, their detailed clinical and molecular characteristics in patients treated with recent improved therapies(More)
We retrospectively analyzed our results of 30 patients with three distinctive primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs)--severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID, n = 11), Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS, n = 11) and X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (IgM) syndrome (XHIM, n = 8)--who underwent hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) during the past 20 years. Until 1995, all(More)
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is used for treatment of hematopoietic diseases. Assessment of T- and B-cell reconstitution after HCT is crucial because poor immune recovery has a major effect on the clinical course. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) as well as signal and coding joint kappa-deleting(More)
X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIM), or hyper-IgM syndrome type 1 (HIGM1), is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder susceptible to recurrent bacterial infection and opportunistic infection such as Pneumocystis carinii and Cryptosporidium parvum. The long-term outcome is quite poor, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers the(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term outcome of X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIM) caused by mutations in CD40LG is poor, and the only curative treatment is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the clinical features and factors affecting outcomes in patients with XHIM. METHODS We enrolled and retrospectively analyzed data(More)
We report the long-term results of Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group's studies L84-11, L89-12, L92-13, and L95-14 for 1846 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which were conducted between 1984 and 1999. The value of event-free survival (EFS)+/-s.e. was 67.2+/-2.2% at 10 years in L84-11, which was not improved in the following two studies, and(More)
Rare cases of possible materno-fetal transmission of cancer have been recorded over the past 100 years but evidence for a shared cancer clone has been very limited. We provide genetic evidence for mother to offspring transmission, in utero, of a leukemic cell clone. Maternal and infant cancer clones shared the same unique BCR-ABL1 genomic fusion sequence,(More)