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To define the mutation spectrum in non-Down syndrome acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (non-DS-AMKL), we performed transcriptome sequencing on diagnostic blasts from 14 pediatric patients and validated our findings in a recurrency/validation cohort consisting of 34 pediatric and 28 adult AMKL samples. Our analysis identified a cryptic chromosome 16 inversion(More)
Omenn syndrome is a variant form of severe combined immunodeficiency. It is fatal unless treated by allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), which is the only curative approach. However, both treatment-related complications and graft rejection are major obstacles to treatment success. This report describes a case with Omenn syndrome who developed mixed(More)
Translocation of the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene with AF4, AF9, or ENL results in acute leukemia with both lymphoid and myeloid involvement. We characterized leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) in primary infant MLL-rearranged leukemia using a xenotransplantation model. In MLL-AF4 patients, CD34(+)CD38(+)CD19(+) and CD34(-)CD19(+) cells initiated(More)
BACKGROUND On the basis of results of previous Japanese trials for myeloid leukemia in Down syndrome (ML-DS), the efficacy of risk-oriented therapy was evaluated in the Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group AML-D05 study. PROCEDURE All patients received induction chemotherapy that consisted of pirarubicin, intermediate-dose cytarabine, and(More)
We retrospectively analyzed our results of 30 patients with three distinctive primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs)--severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID, n = 11), Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS, n = 11) and X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (IgM) syndrome (XHIM, n = 8)--who underwent hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) during the past 20 years. Until 1995, all(More)
Rare cases of possible materno-fetal transmission of cancer have been recorded over the past 100 years but evidence for a shared cancer clone has been very limited. We provide genetic evidence for mother to offspring transmission, in utero, of a leukemic cell clone. Maternal and infant cancer clones shared the same unique BCR-ABL1 genomic fusion sequence,(More)
The clinical characteristics and prognostic relevance of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with myelodysplastic features remains to be clarified in children. We prospectively examined 443 newly diagnosed patients in a multicentre clinical trial for paediatric de novo AML, and found 'AML with myelodysplasia-related changes' (AML-MRC) according to the 2008 World(More)
We report the long-term results of Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group's studies L84-11, L89-12, L92-13, and L95-14 for 1846 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which were conducted between 1984 and 1999. The value of event-free survival (EFS)+/-s.e. was 67.2+/-2.2% at 10 years in L84-11, which was not improved in the following two studies, and(More)
Translocations involving chromosome 11q23 frequently occur in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and are associated with poor prognosis. In most cases, the MLL gene is involved, and more than 50 translocation partners have been described. Clinical outcome data of the 11q23-rearranged subgroups are scarce because most 11q23 series are too small for(More)
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is used for treatment of hematopoietic diseases. Assessment of T- and B-cell reconstitution after HCT is crucial because poor immune recovery has a major effect on the clinical course. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) as well as signal and coding joint kappa-deleting(More)