Daisuke Tokita

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Interstitial liver dendritic cells (DCs) exhibit phenotypic diversity and functional plasticity. They play important roles in both innate and adaptive immunity. Their comparatively low inherent T cell stimulatory ability and the outcome of their interactions with CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, as well as with natural killer (NK) T cells and NK cells within the(More)
Although it is known that activation of natural killer (NK) cells causes liver injury, the mechanisms underlying NK cell-induced killing of self-hepatocytes are not clear. We demonstrated that liver NK cells have cytotoxicity against normal syngeneic hepatocytes in mice. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) treatment enhanced hepatocyte toxicity of(More)
BACKGROUND Immature dendritic cells (DC) can promote long-term transplant survival in rodents. We assessed the impact of stably immature, donor-derived DC on alloimmune reactivity in rhesus macaques. METHODS CD14 monocytes isolated from leukapheresis products of Macacca mulatta were cultured in granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor plus(More)
BACKGROUND Both dendritic cells (DC) and T-regulatory cells (Treg) have been implicated in regulation of alloimmune responses and transplant tolerance. METHODS We analyzed B7 coregulatory molecule expression on circulating DC subset precursors, together with CD4+CD25(hi) Foxp3+ Treg by rare event, flow cytometric analysis in operationally tolerant(More)
BACKGROUND An understanding of the mechanisms that suppress the human anti-pig cellular response is key for xenotransplantation. We have compared the ability of human regulatory T cells (Tregs) to suppress xenogeneic and allogeneic responses in vitro. METHODS Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), CD4+ T cells, or CD4+ CD25- T cells were(More)
More effective discrimination between CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg) and activated T cells would significantly improve the current level of purification of Treg and their therapeutic application. We observed that approximately 90% of Treg (positive for the nuclear transcription factor Forkhead winged helix protein-3 and able to inhibit naive T cell(More)
To evaluate the role of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before transplantation and to examine the risk factors for new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) during long-term follow-up of renal transplant recipients receiving FK-based therapy. The study evaluated 378 patients pre-transplantation using the OGTT and assigned them to one of three(More)
DC are believed to play important roles in the induction and regulation of immune responses in the liver, an organ implicated in peripheral tolerance. Since the liver is located downstream of the gut, it is constantly exposed to bacterial LPS. Our recent observations indicate that prior exposure to endotoxin modulates subsequent liver DC responses to this(More)
UNLABELLED Proinflammatory responses play critical roles in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury associating with liver transplantation (LTx), and carbon monoxide (CO) can effectively down-regulate them. Using wild-type (WT) to enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-transgenic rat LTx with 18-hour cold preservation in University of Wisconsin(More)
A portal venous injection of allogeneic donor cells is known to prolong the survival of subsequently transplanted allografts. In this study, we investigated the role of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) in immunosuppressive effects induced by a portal injection of allogeneic cells on T cells with indirect allospecificity. To eliminate the direct(More)