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Pain during inflammatory joint diseases is enhanced by the generation of hypersensitivity in nociceptive neurons in the peripheral nervous system. To explore the signaling mechanisms of mechanical hypersensitivity during joint inflammation, experimental arthritis was induced by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into the synovial cavity of rat(More)
Plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) is a calcium pump that exists on the plasma membrane and has a role in keeping the intracellular Ca2+ concentration low. In the current study, the expression of PMCA isoforms in spinal cord tissues was investigated in detail and the changes of the expression was examined after contusion injury. Rats received a weight drop(More)
BACKGROUND Although both local infiltration analgesia (LIA) and continuous femoral nerve block (FNB) are common analgesic modalities for pain relief after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), we are aware of no parallel-group, randomized controlled trial that has solely compared the efficacy of LIA and continuous FNB. METHODS We conducted a prospective, 2-arm,(More)
OBJECTIVE Mechanical injury induces cell death in cartilage and triggers a remodeling process that ultimately can manifest as osteoarthritis. Autophagy is a process for turnover of intracellular organelles and macromolecules that protects cells during stress responses. This study was undertaken to determine changes in and functions of autophagy following(More)
An 18-year-old college basketball player presented with continued ankle pain. A radiographic examination showed bilateral medial malleolus stress fractures. Considering the prolonged history and refractory nature of this injury, surgery was adopted as a treatment option. At surgery, the fracture site was percutaneously fixed using two cannulated double(More)
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