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This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and(More)
Only a small proportion of the mouse genome is transcribed into mature messenger RNA transcripts. There is an international collaborative effort to identify all full-length mRNA transcripts from the mouse, and to ensure that each is represented in a physical collection of clones. Here we report the manual annotation of 60,770 full-length mouse complementary(More)
BACKGROUND At the basis of the Frank-Starling mechanism is the intrinsic ability of cardiac muscle to produce active tension in response to stretch. Titin, a giant filamentous molecule involved in passive tension development, is intimately associated with the thick filament in the sarcomere. Titin may therefore contribute to active tension development by(More)
1. We investigated the effect of acidosis on the sarcomere length (SL) dependence of tension generation, in comparison with the effect of inorganic phosphate (P(i)), in rat skinned ventricular trabeculae. The shift of the mid-point of the pCa-tension relationship associated with an increase in SL from 1.9 to 2.3 microm (DeltapCa(50)) was studied. 2.(More)
OBJECTIVE Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by abdominal discomfort and/or pain associated with altered bowel habits. The neurotransmitter serotonin and serotonin type 3 receptors that are extensively distributed on enteric neurons in the human gastrointestinal tract play a role in increasing the sensation of pain and affecting bowel habits in(More)
The methanogenic pathway and microbial community in a thermophilic anaerobic digestion process of organic solid waste were investigated in a continuous-flow stirred-tank reactor using artificial garbage slurry as a feedstock. The decomposition pathway of acetate, a significant precursor of CH(4) and a key intermediate metabolite in the anaerobic digestion(More)
Protein is a major component of organic solid wastes, and therefore, it is necessary to further elucidate thermophilic protein degradation process. The effects of hydrogenotrophic methanogens on protein degradation were investigated using the proteolytic bacterial strain CT-1 that was isolated from a methanogenic thermophilic (55°C) packed-bed reactor(More)
During heartbeat, the repeated contractions of myocardium are induced by the oscillation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. On the other hand, when intermediately activated at a certain Ca(2+) concentration, cardiac myofibrils exhibit the spontaneous sarcomeric oscillation (Ca-SPOC) under steady ionic conditions. In the present study, we found that(More)
Despite increased focus in recent years on urinary microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers in patients with diabetes and chronic kidney diseases, few studies have explored urinary miRNA markers in drug-induced nephrotoxicity. Here, we attempted to identify urinary miRNA markers suitable for use in detecting cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Cisplatin (6mg/kg)(More)
Skinned myocardium (or myofibrils) exhibits auto-oscillations of sarcomere length and developed force called SPOC (SPontaneousOscillatoryContraction) under partial activation conditions. In SPOC, each sarcomere repeats the cycle of slow shortening and rapid lengthening, and the lengthening phase propagates sequentially to the adjacent sarcomeres in waves(More)