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The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like ligand BAFF/BLyS (B-cell activating factor of the TNF family/B-lymphocyte stimulator) is a potent B-cell survival factor, yet its functional relationship with other B-cell surface molecules such as CD19 and CD40 is poorly understood. We found that follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) in human lymph nodes expressed BAFF(More)
Transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family that serves as a receptor for B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF) and as a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL). Although TACI is reported to function as a positive or negative regulator for(More)
BAFF-receptor (BAFF-R) is required for the successful maturation and survival of B-cells. We developed an anti-human BAFF-R monoclonal antibody (mAb), 8A7. The reactivity of 8A7 in normal and neoplastic tissue was examined by performing immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded sections. 8A7 reacted with lymphocytes in the mantle and marginal zones, but not(More)
Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the aggressive proliferation of synovial cells in rheumatoid arthritis. We have previously reported the overexpression of inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation (Id) in the endothelial cells within the synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we investigated the role of Id in inflammation and(More)
We previously reported that the G allele of rs3853839 at 3'untranslated region (UTR) of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) was associated with elevated transcript expression and increased risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 9,274 Eastern Asians [P = 6.5×10(-10), odds ratio (OR) (95%CI) = 1.27 (1.17-1.36)]. Here, we conducted trans-ancestral fine-mapping(More)
Inhibitor of DNA binding (Id) proteins are essential for cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis. Recently, they have been shown to correlate with less differentiated phenotypes, high malignant potential and poor clinical outcome in various kinds of tumors. In an attempt to develop new strategies for the treatment of(More)
Human APOBEC3H (A3H) is a member of APOBEC cytidine deaminase family intensively constraining the HIV-1 replication. A3H is known to be polymorphic with different protein stability and anti-HIV-1 activity in vitro. We recently reported that A3H haplotypes composed of two functional polymorphisms, rs139292 (N15del) and rs139297 (G105R), were associated with(More)
B cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), plays critical roles in B cell survival, activation, differentiation, and antibody (Ab) production. BAFF binds to three receptors: BAFF-R, transmembrane activator and calcium-modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) and B cell maturation antigen. While BAFF-R is the primary receptor for B cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms of osteoclast maturation and the role of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts in the control of osteoclastogenesis remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the humoral factors that influence osteoclast differentiation resulting from mutual interactions between osteoclast progenitor cells and synovial(More)
The anterior sensory vesicle of ascidian larvae contains a single large vesicle in which lie two distinct types of pigment cells, anterior and posterior. The ultrastructure of these pigment cells suggests that the anterior pigment cell is an otolith, presumably used for gravity detection, and the posterior pigment cell is an ocellus, used for(More)