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Preoptic magnocellular neurosecretory cells (NSCs) in the brain of rainbow trout show synchronization of periodic Ca(2+) pulses, patterns of which differ between vasotocin (VT) and isotocin (IT) neurons. To provide neuroanatomical bases of the synchronized periodic Ca(2+) pulses and their biological implications, we examined the organization of preoptic VT(More)
We consider systems of differential equations which model complex regulatory networks by a graph structure of dependencies. We show that the concepts of informative nodes (Mochizuki; see [MoSa10]) and determining nodes (Foias and Temam; see [FoTe84]) coincide with the notion of feedback vertex sets from graph theory. As a result we can determine the(More)
The autonomic nervous system, which includes the sympathetic neurons and adrenal medulla, originates from the neural crest. Combining avian blood vessel-specific gene manipulation and mouse genetics, we addressed a long-standing question of how neural crest cells (NCCs) generate sympathetic and medullary lineages during embryogenesis. We found that the(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is widely distributed in the vertebrate brains; however, its significance in the brain function is poorly understood. Both GnRH and vasopressin-family hormones are involved in control of reproductive behavior. Anatomical evidence indicated the possible action of GnRH on classical neurosecretory neurons. In the present(More)
We have previously proposed a statistical model of speech F0 contours, which is based on the discrete-time version of the Fu-jisaki model. One advantage of this model is that it allows us to introduce statistical methods to learn the Fujisaki-model parameters from speech F0 contours. This paper proposes several modifications to our previous model and(More)
Emerging developmental studies contribute to our understanding of vertebrate evolution because changes in the developmental process and the genes responsible for such changes provide a unique way for evaluating the evolution of morphology. Endoskeletal limbs, the locomotor organs that are unique to vertebrates, are a popular model system in the fields of(More)
This paper describes a novel approach to flexible control of speaker characteristics using tensor representation of speaker space. In voice conversion studies, realization of conversion from/to an arbitrary speaker's voice is one of the important objectives. For this purpose, eigenvoice conversion (EVC) based on an eigenvoice Gaussian mixture model (EV-GMM)(More)
The rostro-caudal patterning within a somite is periodically established in the presomitic mesoderm (PSM). In the mouse, Mesp2 is required for the rostral property whereas Notch signaling and Ripply2, a Mesp2-induced protein that suppresses Mesp2 transcription, are required for the caudal property. Here, we examined the mechanism behind rostro-caudal(More)