Daisuke Miyoshi

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We quantified the effect of Mg(2+) on thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) binding to TPP-dependent thiA riboswitch RNA. The association constant of TPP binding to the riboswitch at 20 degrees C increased from 1.2 x 10(6) to 50 x 10(6) M(-1) as the Mg(2+) concentration increased from 0 to 1 mM. Furthermore, circular dichroic spectra under various conditions showed(More)
The thermodynamic parameters of an antiparallel G-quartet formation of d(G4T4G4) with 1 mM divalent cation (Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Mn(2+), Co(2+), and Zn(2+)) were obtained. The thermodynamic parameters showed that the divalent cation destabilizes the antiparallel G-quartet of d(G4T4G4) in the following order: Zn(2+)>Co(2+)>Mn(2+)>Mg(2+)>Ca(2+). In addition, a(More)
Almost all biochemical reactions in vitro have been investigated through numerous experiments conducted in dilute solutions containing low concentrations of solutes. However, biomacromolecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, and polysaccharides are designed to function and/or form their native structures in a living cell containing high concentrations of(More)
Living cells contain a variety of biomolecules including nucleic acids, proteins, polysaccharides, and metabolites as well as other soluble and insoluble components. These biomolecules occupy a significant fraction (20-40%) of the cellular volume. The total concentration of biomolecules reaches 400gL(-1), leading to a crowded intracellular environment(More)
The effect of molecular crowding on the structure and stability of biomolecules has become a subject of increasing interest because it can clarify how biomolecules behave under cell-mimicking conditions. Here, we quantitatively analyzed the effects of molecular crowding on the thermodynamics of antiparallel G-quadruplex formation via Hoogsteen base pairs(More)
Because of the importance of telomere DNAs, the structures of these DNAs in vivo are currently of great research interest in the medical, pharmaceutical, chemical, and industrial fields. To understand the structure of biomolecules in vivo, their properties studied in vitro are extrapolated to the in vivo condition, while the condition in a living cell is(More)
Structural competition between the G-quadruplex, the I-motif, and the Watson-Crick duplex has been implicated for repetitive DNA sequences, but the competitive mechanism of these multistranded structures still needs to be elucidated. We investigated the effects of sequence context, cation species, and pH on duplex formation by the G-quadruplex of(More)
Here, we examined the effects of molecular crowding on the function, structure and stability of nucleases. We found that the hydrolysis of a 29-mer double-stranded DNA by the endonucleases DNase I and S1 nuclease was substantially enhanced by molecular crowding using polyethylene glycol (PEG); however, molecular crowding had little effect on hydrolysis by(More)
Both cellular environmental factors and chemical modifications critically affect the properties of nucleic acids. However, the structure and stability of DNA containing abasic sites under cell-mimicking molecular crowding conditions remain unclear. Here, we investigated the molecular crowding effects on the structure and stability of the G-quadruplexes(More)