Daisuke Mikami

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AIM Smaller low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size has recently been reported as a non-traditional lipid risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and the C/T hepatic lipase (HL) gene polymorphism may promote LDL size reduction via the CETP-mediated exchange of CE for triglyceride (TG) and subsequent HL-mediated TG(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoid (GC) treatment reportedly exaggerates renal fibrosis in progressive kidney diseases during which hypoxia occurs as an unavoidable consequence in renal tubular cells. Two major fibrotic factors, hypoxia and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), upregulate the production of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a fibrosis(More)
We report the case of a 38-year-old woman diagnosed with Gitelman syndrome. A kidney biopsy showed abundant floating cells in the Bowman's space of the mildly cystic glomeruli, moderate tubulointerstitial changes and apparent intimal thickening of small arteries. These floating cells were immunohistologically identified as podocytes, by the expression of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) is a main inducer of inflammation-associated lymphangiogenesis in various inflammatory disorders including chronic progressive kidney diseases, for which angiotensin II receptor type 1 blockers (ARBs) are widely used as the main treatment. Although proximal renal tubular cells may affect the formation of(More)
Telmisartan, an angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker (ARB), was recently reported to promote lipolysis in mice by acting as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-δ activator, although in clinical studies, it has also been recognized to activate PPAR-γ as a major cause of its pleiotropic actions. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
We report a 38-year-old woman diagnosed with tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) on renal biopsy, followed by being diagnosed with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Immunohistochemically, the cellular infiltrates in TIN were mainly composed of small lymphocytes and IgM-positive plasmacytoid large lymphocytes. IgM-positive(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that pre-operative BNP levels predict postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing non-emergent cardiac surgery. METHODS We retrospectively assessed patients who underwent non-emergent cardiac surgery at our institution regarding major morbidity (prolonged ventilation > 48 hours and prolonged ICU stay > 7 days),(More)
BACKGROUND The existence of membranous cytoplasmic bodies in biopsied kidney tissues is one of the important findings when considering Fabry disease as the first choice diagnosis. However, there are possible acquired lysosomal diseases associated with pharmacological toxicity, although less attention has been paid to them. CASE PRESENTATION We experienced(More)
The signs and symptoms of bruxism are detectable, but unfortunately, the hypothesized etiologies and mechanisms of their action have not been satisfactorily substantiated. 2. Researchers emphasize the significance of the oral cavity in expressing emotions and that occlusal adjustments and other mechanical types of treatment may be inadequate. 3. The(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) reportedly exaggerates renal fibrosis in chronic progressive inflammatory kidney disease. GCs induce the gene expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a fibrosis enhancer in non-renal cells. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) reduces the gene expression of 11beta-hydroxysteroid(More)