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Artepillin C is the major compound in the Brazilian green propolis from Baccharis dracunculifolia. Our aim in this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects, absorption, and bioavailability of Artepillin C in mice. The animals used were male Swiss mice subjected to: paw oedema by carrageenan (300 microg/paw), carrageenan-induced peritonitis,(More)
T cells genetically modified with a CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CD19CAR) are remarkably effective against B-cell malignancies in clinical trials. However, major concerns remain regarding toxicities, such as hypogammaglobulinemia, due to B-cell aplasia or severe cytokine release syndrome after overactivation of CAR T cells. To resolve these adverse(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled corticosteroids enhance airway epithelial barrier integrity. However, the mechanism by which they accomplish this is unclear. Therefore, we investigated steroid-inducible genes and signaling pathways that were involved in enhancing airway epithelial barrier integrity. METHODS A human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE cells) was(More)
The aging suppressor geneKlotho is predominantly expressed in the kidney irrespective of species. Because Klotho protein is an essential component of an endocrine axis that regulates renal phosphate handling, the kidney-specific expression is biologically relevant; however, little is known about its underlying mechanisms. Here we provide in vitro and in(More)
We designed and synthesized isoprene analogues of artepillin C, a major component of Brazilian propolis, and investigated the inhibitory activity on lipid peroxidation of rat liver mitochondria (RLM) and RLM toxicity based on isoprenomics. We succeeded in the synthesis of artepillin C isoprene analogues using regioselective prenylation within the range from(More)
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) induced by uncontrolled macrophage activation and subsequent graft failure is a frequent and prominent complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), a cause of severe morbidity and death, and a therapeutic challenge. Liposome-incorporated dexamethasone, dexamethasone palmitate (DP), shows greater efficacy(More)
Alterations in chromatin modifications, such as histone methylation, have been suggested as mediating chemotherapy resistance in several cancer types; therefore, elucidation of the epigenetic mechanisms that underlie drug resistance may greatly contribute to the advancement of cancer therapies. In the present study, we identified histone H3-lysine 27(More)
BACKGROUND The serum level of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), a protein present in eosinophil granules, correlates with the severity of childhood asthma. However, the relationship between the serum EDN level and the severity of adult asthma has not been sufficiently investigated. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to elucidate the correlation between the(More)
Several clinical trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of bortezomib in combination with various anti-myeloma agents; however, no definitive information is available regarding drugs best suited for use in combination with bortezomib. Using isobologram analysis, we investigated the combined effects of bortezomib with four key anti-myeloma drugs(More)