Daisuke Kita

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Nitric oxide (NO) is known to be present in measurable quantities in the exhaled air of normal subjects and at higher concentrations in asthmatic subjects not treated with glucocorticoids. We confirmed these findings by analyzing the mean mixed expired NO concentrations of 43 stable asthmatics and 90 normal subjects; NO levels were higher in the asthmatic(More)
Selective cleavage of the Glu395-Ser396 bond of brevican, one of the major proteoglycans in adult brain tissues, is thought to be important for glioma cell invasion. Our previous biochemical study demonstrated that ADAMTS-4, a member of the ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) family, has such an activity. In the present(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a WHO grade IV malignant glioma, is the most common and lethal primary brain tumor in adults; few treatments are available. Median survival rates range from 12-15 months. The biological characteristics of this tumor are exemplified by prominent proliferation, active invasiveness, and rich angiogenesis. This is mainly due to(More)
We evaluated 715 glioblastoma patients diagnosed during 1980-1994 in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, to provide information on how patients were treated at the population level. Despite a general policy during the study period of treatment by surgical intervention aimed at maximum tumor removal followed by radiotherapy, there was a marked tendency toward(More)
OBJECT Acquisition of invasive and metastatic potentials through proteinase expression is an essential event in tumor progression. Among proteinases, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to play a key role in tumor progression through the degradation of the extracellular matrix. In the present study, the authors examined the role of MMP-2(More)
O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a repair enzyme that removes promutagenic O(6)-methylguanine adducts in DNA, to protect cells from acquisition of G:C--> A:T mutations. MGMT promoter methylation and polymorphisms may affect MGMT expression and activity. In the present study, we assessed MGMT promoter methylation and polymorphisms(More)
We assessed alterations in the EGFR/PTEN/PI3K pathway in 107 primary (de novo) glioblastomas and 32 secondary glioblastomas that progressed from low-grade or anaplastic astrocytomas. SSCP followed by DNA sequencing in exons 9 and 20 of the PIK3CA gene revealed missense mutations in 5/107 (5%) primary and 1/32 (3%) secondary glioblastomas. Quantitative(More)
OBJECTIVES Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are rare neoplasms with relatively high rates of recurrence and extracranial metastasis. Though the differential diagnoses from angiomatous meningiomas and from solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are both important, the latter diagnosis is somewhat more important in light of the benign prognosis of SFTs and the difficulties(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid that signals through a family of G protein-coupled receptors consisting of 5 members termed S1P(1-5), and it regulates cellular proliferation, migration and survival. We investigated the expression and role of S1P receptors in glioma. Human glioma expressed S1P(1), S1P(2), S1P(3), and S1P(5) by quantitative(More)
MDM2 SNP309 is associated with younger age of tumor onset in patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and TP53 codon 72 polymorphism decreases its apoptotic potential. Glioblastomas frequently show genetic alterations in the TP53 pathway. In the present study, we assessed MDM2 SNP309 in 360 glioblastomas, and correlated these with patient age and survival, as(More)