Daisuke Ishikawa

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Cortical synaptic strengths vary substantially from synapse to synapse and exhibit a skewed distribution with a small fraction of synapses generating extremely large depolarizations. Using multiple whole-cell recordings from rat hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells, we found that the amplitude of unitary excitatory postsynaptic conductances approximates a(More)
SKD1 belongs to the AAA-ATPase family and is one of the mammalian class E Vps (vacuolar protein sorting) proteins. Previously we have reported that the overexpression of an ATPase activity-deficient form of SKD1 (suppressor of potassium transport growth defect), SKD1(E235Q), leads the perturbation of membrane transport through endosomes and lysosomes,(More)
Although the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) erlotinib and gefitinib have shown dramatic effects against EGFR mutant lung cancer, patients become resistant by various mechanisms, including gatekeeper EGFR-T790M mutation, Met amplification, and HGF overexpression, thereafter relapsing. Thus, it is urgent to develop novel agents to overcome(More)
BIM (BCL2L11) is a BH3-only proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 protein family. BIM upregulation is required for apoptosis induction by EGF receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in EGFR-mutant forms of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Notably, a BIM deletion polymorphism occurs naturally in 12.9% of East Asian individuals, impairing the(More)
Microbial population dynamics were investigated during the formation of nitrifying granules in an aerobic upflow fluidized bed (AUFB) reactor fed ammonia as a sole energy source. Analyses of clone libraries of 16S rRNA gene and the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A gene (amoA) revealed that although the clones obtained from the seed sludge were widely(More)
Community Question Answering (CQA) sites such as Yahoo! Answers have emerged as rich knowledge resources for information seekers. However, answers posted to CQA sites can be irrelevant, incomplete, redundant, incorrect, biased, ill-formed or even abusive. Hence, automatic selection of "good" answers for a given posted question is a practical research(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori infection induces a biased T helper type 1 (Th1) response that produces IFN-gamma and Fas ligand (FasL). Th1 cytokines are associated with apoptosis in the gastric epithelial cells. AIM We aimed to define the role of the recently cloned IL-18, a IFN-gamma inducing factor, in gastric mucosal injury induced by H. pylori(More)
Identifying high-quality content in community-type Q&A (CQA) sites is important. We propose a task in which a computer identifies good answers from such sites. We describe the design of our bestanswer estimation task using Yahoo! Chiebukuro. We also describe a method of constructing the test collection used for our CQA pilot task, the manual assessment(More)
The mechanism of response of hippocampal neurons to a specific feature in sensory stimuli is not fully understood, although the hippocampus is well known to contribute to the formation of episodic memory in the multisensory world. Using in-vivo voltage-clamp recordings from awake mice, we found that sound pulses induced a transient increase in inhibitory,(More)
A simple, rapid method for the analysis of glycosphingolipid that combines "thin-layer chromatography (TLC) blotting" and mass spectrometry is reported. Glycosphingolipids developed by TLC were transferred to a polyvinylidene difluoride membrane by TLC blotting, after which the glycosphingolipid band on the membrane was excised and placed on a mass(More)