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INTRODUCTION Fever is frequently observed in critically ill patients. An independent association of fever with increased mortality has been observed in non-neurological critically ill patients with mixed febrile etiology. The association of fever and antipyretics with mortality, however, may be different between infective and non-infective illness. (More)
The development of glomerulonephritis causes glomerular injury and renal dysfunction and is thought to increase renin release, thus activating the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The aims of this study were to demonstrate activation of the intrarenal RAS and determine the effects of direct renin inhibition (DRI) on the progression of glomerulonephritis.(More)
Endothelin (ET)-1(1-31) is a novel 31-amino acid-length peptide derived from big ET-1 by chymase or other chymotrypsin-type proteases and is a major ET derivative in human neutrophils. In this study, we revealed that ET-1(1-31), but not big ET, exhibited chemotactic activities toward human neutrophils and monocytes as an inflammatory mediator, although the(More)
INTRODUCTION Amniotic fluid embolism is one of the most severe complications in the peripartum period. Because its onset is abrupt and fulminant, it is unlikely that there will be time to examine the condition using thoracic computed tomography (CT). We report a case of life-threatening amniotic fluid embolism, where chest CT in the acute phase was(More)
PURPOSE Proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines may play a pivotal role in cerebral inflammation, which is implicated in the development of brain injury. Systemic cytokine release is mediated by the sympathetic nervous system and catecholamines. The aim of this study was to investigate which parameters, among plasma levels of interleukin-1beta(More)
It was reported that human chymase cleaves big endothelins (ETs) at the Tyr31-Gly32 bond and produces 31-amino acid ETs(1-31). In this study, we investigated the effect of ET-1(1-31) on p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) activity in human mesangial cells (HMCs). By measuring the kinase activity, we demonstrated that ET-1 (1-31) activated the(More)
A light-weight portable neutron survey meter was developed using a mixed organic gas counter for dose management at nuclear power plants and accelerator facilities. This survey meter, NSN31041, is ~2 kg in weight and W160×H250×L300 mm(3) in size, which is capable of measuring neutron ambient dose equivalent rate from thermal to 15 MeV neutrons. The neutron(More)
We have studied the relationship between free and sulfoconjugated catecholamines (CAs) in the plasma of patients with various cardiovascular diseases and have described the physiological significance of sulfoconjugated CAs in plasma. In the present study, we measured free and sulfoconjugated dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) in the plasma of patients(More)
We have found that human chymase produces a 31-amino acid endothelin [ET-1-(1-31)] from the 38-amino acid precursor (Big ET-1). We examined the mechanism of synthetic ET-1-(1-31)-induced intracellular Ca2+ signaling in cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. ET-1-(1-31) increased the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a(More)
BACKGROUND In mechanically ventilated patients, we investigated how positioning the heat and moisture exchanger (HME) at different places on the ventilator circuit affected inspiratory gas humidification. METHODS Absolute humidity (AH) and temperature (TEMP) at the proximal end of endotracheal tube (ETT) were measured in ten mechanically ventilated(More)