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The effects of tree height on shoot traits may in some cases differ in magnitude and direction from the effects of light. Nevertheless, general patterns of change in shoot traits in relation to variations in height and light have not so far been revealed. A comprehensive analysis of the differences between the effects of height and light on a range of leaf(More)
Neural development is controlled by region-specific factors that regulate cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide that exerts a wide range of effects on different cell types in the brain as early as the fetal stage. Here we review current knowledge concerning several(More)
T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing molecule-3 (Tim-3) and programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) are T-cell exhaustion molecules. We investigated the expression of Tim-3 and PD-1 in HTLV-I infection. Tim-3 expression, but not PD-1 expression, was reduced on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of HAM/TSP patients and HTLV-I carriers as compared to healthy controls.(More)
Activity-dependent neurotrophic protein (ADNP) was discovered as a novel response gene for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. We have reported that PACAP strongly stimulated ADNP mRNA expression in a mouse neuron/glial cell culture; however, the distribution of ADNP in the brain and its possible co-expression with the PACAP receptor (PAC1R) are unknown. In(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is known to participate in the regulation of neuronal proliferation and differentiation. While these processes are considered to be mediated via PACAP's actions on the PACAP-specific receptor, PAC1R, the precise distribution of PAC1R during neurodevelopment has not yet to be elucidated in detail.(More)
BACKGROUND The tuberculosis (TB) still increases in the number of new cases, which is estimated to approach 10 million in 2010. The number of aged people has been growing all over the world. Ageing is one of risk factors in tuberculosis because of decreased immune responses in aged people. Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) is a sole vaccine(More)
Orbit, a Drosophila ortholog of microtubule plus-end enriched protein CLASP, plays an important role in many developmental processes involved in microtubule dynamics. Previous studies have shown that Orbit is required for asymmetric stem cell division and cystocyte divisions in germline cysts and for the development of microtubule networks that interconnect(More)
Peripheral microtubules (MTs) near the cell cortex are essential for the positioning and continuous constriction of the contractile ring (CR) in cytokinesis. Time-lapse observations of Drosophila male meiosis showed that myosin II was first recruited along the cell cortex independent of MTs. Then, shortly after peripheral MTs made contact with the(More)
BACKGROUND Acute compartment syndrome is an orthopedic emergency requiring urgent fasciotomy to prevent irreversible damage. In hematological malignancies, acute compartment syndrome caused by severe soft tissue bleeding is extremely rare. We present a patient with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia who had acute compartment syndrome caused by severe(More)