Daisuke Fukuda

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New semi-naphthaquinone antibiotics A80915A, B, C, and D were isolated from the fermented broth of Streptomyces aculeolatus A80915 (NRRL 18422). Factors A and C, present in both the broth filtrate and mycelial methanol extract, and factors B and D, found predominantly in the broth filtrate, were recovered by extraction with ethyl acetate. Purification of(More)
A54145 is a complex of new lipopeptide antibiotics that inhibits Gram-positive bacteria and acts as a growth promotant for broiler chicks. Eight factors; A, B, C, D, E, F, A1 and B1; have been isolated and characterized. They contain four similar peptide nuclei, each of which is acylated with either an 2-decanoyl, n-decanoyl, or undecanoyl side chain.(More)
The novel lipopeptide antibiotic A21978C complex is active against Gram-positive organisms. This complex consists of a common peptide nucleus with various lipid acyl groups at the N-terminus characteristic of each individual factor. The fatty acid acyl group is removed by incubation of the A21978C complex with Actinoplanes utahensis to give the peptide(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding how complex antibiotics are synthesised by their producer bacteria is essential for creation of new families of bioactive compounds. Thiomarinols, produced by marine bacteria belonging to the genus Pseudoalteromonas, are hybrids of two independently active species: the pseudomonic acid mixture, mupirocin, which is used clinically(More)
The efficacy of adjuvant photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the new photosensitizer, talaporfin sodium (TPS), was assessed in 7 patients with bile duct carcinoma (BDC). The 664-nm semiconductor laser (100 J/cm(2)) was applied through endoscopy to the tumor lesion within 6 h after injection of TPS. Cases included three non-resectable and 4 resected BDC with(More)
Microorganisms were screened for their ability to modify 2 synthetic cannabinoid substrates (I andII). Structure analyses revealed that microorganisms transformed the substrates by (a) primary oxidation of the side chain, β-oxidation of the side chain, ketone formation on the side chain or cyclohexene ring, (b) secondary hydroxylation on the side chain, (c)(More)
A23187 is an ionophore antibiotic that forms dimeric complexes with divalent cations such an Mn2+ and Ca2+. Over 200 randomly selected soil microorganisms were incubated with A23187. None of these cultures was capable of transforming this compound. In contrast, many microorganisms were able to modify the methyl ester of A23187. The transformation products(More)
A21978C, produced by Streptomyces roseosporus, NRRL 11379, is a complex of new acidic lipopeptolide antibiotics which inhibits Gram-positive bacteria. HPLC separation of the various components from the purified complex resulted in the isolation of A21978C1, -C2 and -C3 (major components) and -C4, -C5, and -C0 (minor components). Each of these components was(More)
A new method of screening for chitinase inhibitors in crude fermentation broths as a means of discovering new insecticidal leads has been developed. In this procedure soluble Remazol brilliant violet 5R dye-coupled chitin degradation products released from insoluble chitin azure substrate by hydrolysis with Streptomyces griseus chitinase are filtered in(More)