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A54145 is a complex of new lipopeptide antibiotics that inhibits Gram-positive bacteria and acts as a growth promotant for broiler chicks. Eight factors; A, B, C, D, E, F, A1 and B1; have been isolated and characterized. They contain four similar peptide nuclei, each of which is acylated with either an 2-decanoyl, n-decanoyl, or undecanoyl side chain.(More)
New semi-naphthaquinone antibiotics A80915A, B, C, and D were isolated from the fermented broth of Streptomyces aculeolatus A80915 (NRRL 18422). Factors A and C, present in both the broth filtrate and mycelial methanol extract, and factors B and D, found predominantly in the broth filtrate, were recovered by extraction with ethyl acetate. Purification of(More)
The novel lipopeptide antibiotic A21978C complex is active against Gram-positive organisms. This complex consists of a common peptide nucleus with various lipid acyl groups at the N-terminus characteristic of each individual factor. The fatty acid acyl group is removed by incubation of the A21978C complex with Actinoplanes utahensis to give the peptide(More)
The antifungal antibiotic, echinocandin B (ECB), was modified by a sequential procedure in which the initial step involved enzymatic removal of the native N-linoleoyl group from the N-terminus using an Actinoplanes utahensis culture. The resulting product, ECB nucleus, was reacylated using active esters or acid halides of various substituted acids to give a(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is the most common infectious disease worldwide and is thought to be a cause of gastric cancer [Park et al. 2014]. Standard therapy against H. pylori infection comprises co-administration of a proton-pump inhibitor with antibiotics; however, maintaining the pH of the stomach mucosa to preserve antibiotic function can be(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding how complex antibiotics are synthesised by their producer bacteria is essential for creation of new families of bioactive compounds. Thiomarinols, produced by marine bacteria belonging to the genus Pseudoalteromonas, are hybrids of two independently active species: the pseudomonic acid mixture, mupirocin, which is used clinically(More)
A23187 is an ionophore antibiotic that forms dimeric complexes with divalent cations such an Mn2+ and Ca2+. Over 200 randomly selected soil microorganisms were incubated with A23187. None of these cultures was capable of transforming this compound. In contrast, many microorganisms were able to modify the methyl ester of A23187. The transformation products(More)
A21978C, produced by Streptomyces roseosporus NRRL 11379, is an acidic lipopeptide antibiotic complex that inhibits Gram-positive bacteria. Individual factors of the complex possess an identical peptide core or "nucleus", and are differentiated by the distinctive fatty acid acyl group attached to the N-terminus of the nucleus. Certain members of the family(More)
A new method of screening for chitinase inhibitors in crude fermentation broths as a means of discovering new insecticidal leads has been developed. In this procedure soluble Remazol brilliant violet 5R dye-coupled chitin degradation products released from insoluble chitin azure substrate by hydrolysis with Streptomyces griseus chitinase are filtered in(More)
Echinocandin B (ECB) is a lipopeptide antifungal agent produced by several species of Aspergillus. The lipid side chain of cyclic lipopeptides is known to be an important determinant of their antibiotic activity and toxicity. Deacylation of another lipopeptide antibiotic, A21978C, had formerly been accomplished with Actinoplanes utahensis. In spite of the(More)