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Dialkyl phthalates have been suggested to function as xenoestrogen. To explore the structural essentials, a series of ring and alkyl-chain isomers of dialkyl phthalates C6H4(COOCnHm)2 were examined for their ability to displace [3H]17beta-estradiol in the recombinant human estrogen receptor expressed on Sf9 vaculovirus. Compounds with an alkyl chain of more(More)
Bisphenol A [BPA; 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane], which is mainly used in the production of epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, is a known endocrine disruptor and is acutely toxic to aquatic organisms. Due to intensified usage of these products, exposure of organisms to BPA via several routes, such as the environment and food, has increased. The(More)
Protein-based biomaterials are an important class of materials for applications in biotechnology and medicine. The exquisite control of their composition, stereochemistry, and chain length offers unique opportunities to engineer biofunctionality, biocompatibility, and biodegradability into these materials. Here, we report the synthesis of a thermally(More)
Brachytherapy is a common clinical technique involving implantation of sealed radioactive "seeds" within a tumor to selectively irradiate the tumor mass while minimizing systemic toxicity. To mitigate the disadvantages associated with complex surgical implantation and subsequent device removal procedures, we have developed an alternative approach using a(More)
Peptide substrates sensitive for a certain protein kinase could be important for new-drug development and to understand the mechanism of diseases. Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase/ROCK) is a serine/threonine kinase, and plays an important part in cardiovascular disease, migration and invasion of tumor cells, and in neurological disorders. The purpose of(More)
G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) control the signaling and activation of G protein-coupled receptors through phosphorylation. In this study, consensus substrate motifs for GRK2 were identified from the sequences of GRK2 protein substrates, and 17 candidate peptides were synthesized to identify peptide substrates with high affinity for GRK2. GRK2(More)
The purpose of this study was to find protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme-specific peptides. A peptide library containing 1772 sequences was designed using Scansite and screened by MALDI-TOF MS and kinase activity assays for PKC isozyme-specificity. A peptide (Alphatomega; H-FKKQGSFAKKK-NH(2)) with high specificity for PKC alpha relative to other isozymes was(More)
To identify the correlation between the phosphorylation ratios by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS) analysis and enzyme kinetics (Km, Vmax, and Vmax/Km) is important to understand whether MALDI-TOF MS can be applied for monitoring the properties of peptides that are substrates of protein kinases. The(More)
Introduction • System should be applicable in routine microsurgery. • System should be maneuverable in the deep & narrow surgical field. • Relatively wide range of motion at the depth should be equipped. • Secure procedure need to be performed. To remove a tumor Forceps Normal brain tissue In the neurosurgery, • Surgeon has to perform a precise(More)