Daisaku Yamada

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AIMS The mechanisms of progression in biliary tract cancer (BTC) with inflammation, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), are not well understood. We focused on two inflammation-associated cytokines, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1), and investigated their expression and activity, as well as their relationship(More)
Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a novel, emerging treatment strategy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), but it remains unclear whether post-surgery adjuvant chemotherapy is feasible following preoperative CRT. This retrospective study evaluates the feasibility of adjuvant therapy after preoperative CRT. The subjects of this study were 99(More)
UNLABELLED Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a lethal hepatobiliary neoplasm originating from the biliary apparatus. In humans, CCA risk factors include hepatobiliary inflammation and fibrosis. The recently identified interleukin (IL)-1 family member, IL-33, has been shown to be a biliary mitogen which also promotes liver inflammation and fibrosis. Our aim was to(More)
A thick pancreas has proven to be a conspicuous predictor of pancreatic fistula (PF) following distal pancreatectomy (DP) using staples. Other predictors for this serious surgical complication currently remain obscure. This study sought to identify novel predictors of PF following DP. One hundred and twenty-two patients were retrospectively assessed to(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is highly lethal, and several clinical trials have shown that adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection can improve the prognosis of these patients. However, the adjuvant chemotherapy completion rate is less than satisfactory. If this rate could be increased then the overall prognosis of PDAC might be improved;(More)
The cancer drug gemcitabine (GEM) is a key drug for treating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), but PDAC cells develop chemoresistance after long-term administration. Since the tolerance was immediately spread to every PDAC tissue in a patient, it is assumed that some certain efficient mechanisms underlay in the development of chemoresistance. Changes(More)
BACKGROUND Under hypoxia, tumour cells undergo genetic and adaptive changes that allow their survival. Previously, we reported that high expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 was a significant predictive factor for recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hypoxia also stimulates expression of procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase(More)
Herein, we have identified cross-talk between the Hippo and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) oncogenic signaling pathways in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Yes-associated protein (YAP) nuclear localization and up-regulation of canonical target genes was observed in CCA cell lines and a patient-derived xenograft (PDX). Expression of FGFR1, -2, and -4 was(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the characteristics of malignancy, such as invasion, metastasis, and chemoresistance. In biliary tract cancer (BTC), EMT is induced by transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1). The EMT is reversible; therefore, it is conceivable that it could be related to some epigenetic changes. We focused on(More)
The IGF2/H19-imprinting control region (ICR1) functions as an insulator to methylation-sensitive binding of CTCF protein, and regulates imprinted expression of IGF2 and H19 in a parental origin-specific manner. ICR1 methylation defects cause abnormal expression of imprinted genes, leading to Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) or Silver-Russell syndrome(More)