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Formation of one procentriole next to each pre-existing centriole is essential for centrosome duplication, robust bipolar spindle assembly and maintenance of genome integrity. However, the mechanisms maintaining strict control over centriole copy number are incompletely understood. Here we show that Plk4 and STIL, the key regulators of centriole formation,(More)
The centriole, and the related basal body, is an ancient organelle characterized by a universal 9-fold radial symmetry and is critical for generating cilia, flagella, and centrosomes. The mechanisms directing centriole formation are incompletely understood and represent a fundamental open question in biology. Here, we demonstrate that the centriolar protein(More)
Stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK) responds to a variety of stress stimuli and controls cell fates such as cell cycle entrance, apoptosis and senescence. Stimuli such as ultraviolet irradiation and chemical reagents that damage genomic DNA induce the activation of the SAPK/JNK signaling pathway. However, it is unclear how the(More)
Patients with MCPH (autosomal recessive primary microcephaly) exhibit impaired brain development, presumably due to the compromised function of neuronal progenitors. Seven MCPH loci have been identified, including one that encodes centrosome protein 4.1 associated protein (CPAP; also known as centromere protein J, CENPJ). CPAP is a large coiled-coil protein(More)
Despite being essential for proper cell division, the mechanisms governing centrosome duplication are incompletely understood and represent an important open question in cell biology. Formation of a new centriole next to each existing one is critical for centrosome duplication. In Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, the proteins SPD-2, ZYG-1, SAS-6, SAS-5, and(More)
A large-scale mutagenesis screen was performed in Medaka to identify genes acting in diverse developmental processes. Mutations were identified in homozygous F3 progeny derived from ENU-treated founder males. In addition to the morphological inspection of live embryos, other approaches were used to detect abnormalities in organogenesis and in specific(More)
Mice lacking the stress-signaling kinase SEK1 die from embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5) to E12.5. Although a defect in liver formation is accompanied with the embryonic lethality of sek1(-/-) mice, the mechanism of the liver defect has remained unknown. In the present study, we first produced a monoclonal antibody specifically recognizing murine hepatoblasts for(More)
SP600125 is used as a specific inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). We initially aimed to examine physiological roles of JNK in mast cells that play a central role in inflammatory and immediate allergic responses. We found that Fc receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI)-induced degranulation (serotonin release) and cytokine gene expression [interleukin(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation stimulates stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK), which is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily and implicated in stress-induced apoptosis. UV also induces the activation of another MAPK member, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), which is typically involved in(More)
We report here mutations affecting various aspects of liver development and function identified by multiple assays in a systematic mutagenesis screen in Medaka. The 22 identified recessive mutations assigned to 19 complementation groups fell into five phenotypic groups. Group 1, showing defective liver morphogenesis, comprises mutations in four genes, which(More)