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ST2 is an IL-1 receptor family member with transmembrane (ST2L) and soluble (sST2) isoforms. sST2 is a mechanically induced cardiomyocyte protein, and serum sST2 levels predict outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction or chronic heart failure. Recently, IL-33 was identified as a functional ligand of ST2L, allowing exploration of the role of ST2(More)
Valvular heart disease (VHD) is the term given to any disease process involving one or more of the heart valves. The condition can be congenital or acquired, for example as a result of atherosclerosis or rheumatic fever. Despite its clinical importance, the molecular mechanisms underlying VHD remain unknown. We investigated the pathophysiologic role and(More)
We recently reported that angiotensin II (AngII) biphasically activates the JAK/STAT pathway and induces delayed phosphorylation of STAT3 in the late stage (120 min) in cardiomyocytes. This study was designed to determine the mechanism of delayed phosphorylation of STAT3. Conditioned medium prepared from AngII-stimulated cardiomyocytes could reproduce the(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported that cardiomyocytes could be differentiated from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro by 5-azacytidine treatment. In native cardiomyocytes, adrenergic and muscarinic receptors play crucial roles in mediating heart rate, conduction velocity, contractility, and cardiac hypertrophy. We investigated whether these receptors(More)
BACKGROUND Promoting survival of transplanted cells or endogenous precursors is an important goal. We hypothesized that a novel approach to promote vascularization would be to create injectable microenvironments within the myocardium that recruit endothelial cells and promote their survival and organization. METHODS AND RESULTS In this study we(More)
BACKGROUND Rupture of the chordae tendineae cordis (CTC) is a well-known cause of mitral regurgitation. Despite its importance, the mechanisms by which the CTC is protected and the cause of its rupture remain unknown. CTC is an avascular tissue. We investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the avascularity of CTC and the correlation between(More)
AIM The anti-oxidant enzyme copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) metabolizes superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) in vascular cells. However, the role of CuZnSOD in vascular injury remains poorly understood. METHODS Using CuZnSOD-deficient (CuZnSOD(-/-)) mice and wild-type (WT) mice, we investigated morphometric changes and the role of O(2)(-) in vascular(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-evoked signal transduction pathways leading to the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) are quite different among cell types. In cardiomyocytes, much attention has been focused on the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) or mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)), however, the contributions(More)
Morbidity from degenerative aortic valve disease is increasing worldwide, concomitant with the ageing of the general population and the habitual consumption of diets high in calories and cholesterol. Immunohistologic studies have suggested that the molecular mechanism occurring in the degenerate aortic valve resembles that of atherosclerosis, prompting the(More)
We recently reported that leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) enhances Ca(2+)](i) through an increase in L-type Ca(2+) current (I(Ca,L)) in adult cardiomyocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LIF activates Ca(2+)-dependent signaling molecules, such as calcineurin and calmodulin kinases II and IV (CaMKII and CaMKIV), and, if so, whether these(More)