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The current study focuses on experimentally validating a planning scheme based on the so-called bubble-packing method. This study is a part of an ongoing effort to develop computerized planning tools for cryosurgery, where bubble packing has been previously developed as a means to find an initial, uniform distribution of cryoprobes within a given domain;(More)
BACKGROUND Cryosurgery is the destruction of undesired tissues by freezing, as in prostate cryosurgery, for example. Minimally invasive cryosurgery is currently performed by means of an array of cryoprobes, each in the shape of a long hypodermic needle. The optimal arrangement of the cryoprobes, which is known to have a dramatic effect on the quality of the(More)
As part of an ongoing project to develop automated tools for cryosurgery planning, the current study focuses on the development of a 3D bubble packing method. A proof-of-concept for the new method is demonstrated on five prostate models, reconstructed from ultrasound images. The new method is a modification of an established method in 2D. Ellipsoidal(More)
As a part of ongoing efforts to develop computerized planning tools for cryosurgery, the current study focuses on developing an efficient numerical technique for bioheat transfer simulations. Our long-term goal is to develop a planning tool for cryosurgery that takes a 3D reconstruction of a target region, and suggests the best cryoprobe layout. Toward that(More)
This study is a part of an ongoing project to develop computerized tools for cryosurgery planning. Prostate cryosurgery is frequently performed as a two-stage process in which the first-stage targets are frozen with the cryoprobes at a greater insertion depth, while the second stage of freezing is performed after some cryoprobes are pulled back to new(More)
BACKGROUND As part of ongoing efforts to develop computerized planning tools for cryosurgery, the current study provides a comparison between two recently developed methods for planning, known as bubble packing and force-field analogy. METHODS For the purpose of comparison, four 3D prostate models were reconstructed from ultrasound imaging. The quality of(More)
The current study presents a computerized planning scheme for prostate cryosurgery using a variable insertion depth strategy. This study is a part of an ongoing effort to develop computerized tools for cryosurgery. Based on typical clinical practices, previous automated planning schemes have required that all cryoprobes be aligned at a single insertion(More)
Many surgical procedures use cannulas, guidewires, and catheters in the treatment of life threatening conditions (e.g. cardiac tamponade and tension pneumothorax), or for diagnosis (e.g. diagnostic peritoneal lavage). Simulator development is costly in time and resources. Most computer-based trainers are procedure-specific. Each trainer uses a different(More)
Among many factors, the effectiveness of the cryoprocedure is determined by the quality of the cryoprobes layout. A computerized planning tool for optimizing this layout has the potential of improving the outcome of cryosurgery, reducing post-operative complications, and reducing the cost of the clinical operation. As part of an ongoing effort to develop(More)