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Heat shock protein 90α (Hsp90α) is a ubiquitously expressed molecular chaperone that is essential for eukaryotic homeostasis. Hsp90α can also be secreted extracellularly, where it has been shown to be involved in tumor metastasis. Extracellular Hsp90α interacts with and promotes the proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). However, the(More)
Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase (PDK1) regulates a number of pathways involved in responses to stress and in growth factor signaling; however, little is known concerning the mechanisms governing the activity of PDK1. In this report, we find that oxidative stress (H(2)O(2)) and vanadate induce tyrosine phosphorylation of PDK1. These effects of H(2)O(2) and(More)
Endostatin is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor with heparin-dependent activities. Nucleolin, a novel functional receptor of endostatin, mediates both the internalization to endothelial cells and the antiangiogenic activity of endostatin. To define the exact role of the heparin binding motif in mediating the interaction between endostatin and its receptor(More)
Endostatin (ES) inhibits endothelial cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tube formation. It also shows antiangiogenesis and antitumor activities in several animal models. Endostatin specifically targets tumor vasculature to block tumor growth. Lidamycin (LDM), which consists of an active enediyne chromophore (AE) and a non-covalently bound(More)
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