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L-hydroxyproline (4-hydroxyproline) mainly exists in collagen, and most bacteria cannot metabolize this hydroxyamino acid. Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas aeruginosa convert L-hydroxyproline to α-ketoglutarate via four hypothetical enzymatic steps different from known mammalian pathways, but the molecular background is rather unclear. Here, we identified(More)
p62/SQSTM1/A170 is a multimodular protein that is found in ubiquitin-positive inclusions associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Recent findings indicate that p62 mediates the interaction between ubiquitinated proteins and autophagosomes, leading these proteins to be degraded via the autophagy-lysosomal pathway. This ubiquitin-mediated selective(More)
NBR1 (neighbor of BRCA1 gene 1) is a protein commonly found in ubiquitin-positive inclusions in neurodegenerative diseases. Due to its high architectural similarity to the well studied autophagy receptor protein p62/SQSTM1, NBR1 has been thought to analogously bind to ubiquitin-marked autophagic substrates via its C-terminal ubiquitin-associated (UBA)(More)
Post-translational modification of proteins by covalent attachment of ubiquitin regulates diverse cellular events. A Lys48-linked polyubiquitin chain is formed via an isopeptide bond between Lys48 and the C-terminal Gly76 of different ubiquitin molecules. The chain is attached to a lysine residue of a substrate protein, which leads to proteolytic(More)
Ubiquitin is known to be one of the most soluble and stably folded intracellular proteins, but it is often found in inclusion bodies associated with various diseases including neurodegenerative disorders and cancer. To gain insight into this contradictory behaviour, we have examined the physicochemical properties of ubiquitin and its polymeric chains that(More)
The regulation of diverse cellular events by proteins that have undergone post-translational modification with ubiquitin is well documented. Ubiquitin can be polymerized and eight types of polyubiquitin chain contribute to the complexity and specificity of the ubiquitin signal. Unexpectedly, recent studies have shown that ubiquitin itself undergoes(More)
Fourier transform NMR spectroscopy has provided unprecedented insight into the structure, interaction and dynamic motion of proteins and nucleic acids. Conventional biomolecular NMR relies on the acquisition of three-dimensional and four-dimensional (4D) data matrices to establish correlations between chemical shifts in the frequency domains F 1, F 2, F 3(More)
NMR spectroscopy enables structural analyses of proteins and has been widely used in the structural biology field in recent decades. NMR spectroscopy can be applied to proteins inside living cells, allowing characterization of their structures and dynamics in intracellular environments. The simplest "in-cell NMR" approach employs bacterial cells; in this(More)
UNLABELLED We introduce here a novel acquisition and processing methodology for cross-polarization based 1D rotating-frame relaxation dispersion NMR experiments. This easy-to-use protocol greatly facilitates the screening, acquisition, processing and model fitting of large on- and off-resonance R1ρ relaxation dispersion NMR datasets in an automated manner(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that leads to movement disorders. In motor neurons of ALS patients, intracellular aggregates of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) have often been observed. To elucidate the aggregation mechanism, it is important to analyze the folding equilibrium of SOD1 between folded and(More)