Daichi Ijiri

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Although birds lack brown adipose tissue, a thermogenic organ found in mammals, they possess other thermogenic mechanisms. In the current studies, we examined the molecular mechanisms of avian thermogenesis by studying how chicks acquire cold tolerance. We found that the acquisition of cold tolerance corresponded with an increase in the redness of the(More)
Temperature is maintained in birds by skeletal muscle shivering as well as by non-shivering thermogenesis in a cold environment because they lack brown adipose tissue, which is a mammalian thermogenic organ. Chicks acquire cold tolerance after their skeletal muscles mature. Here, we found that muscle fibers transformed to the slow-twitch type with(More)
This study examined the hypothesis that myostatin and PGC-1alpha are involved in the increase in skeletal muscle mass and transformation of fiber type in cold-exposed chicks. One-week-old chicks were exposed to acute (24h) or long-term (8d) cold at 4 degrees C or kept warm at 30 degrees C. Acute cold exposure induced a significant increase in the skeletal(More)
Maternal hyperthermia induces pre-implantation embryo death, which is accompanied by enhanced physiological oxidative stress. We evaluated whether the administration of DL-alpha-tocopherol acetate (TA) to hyperthermic mothers mitigated pre-implantation embryo death. Mice were exposed to heat stress (35 degrees C, 60% relative humidity) for 12 h or not(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of injection of the β2-adrenergic receptor agonist clenbuterol on the skeletal muscles of neonatal chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus). One-day-old chicks were randomly divided into four groups and given a single intraperitoneal injection of clenbuterol (0.01, 0.1, or 1mg/kg) or phosphate-buffered(More)
Outer bran fraction of rice (OBFR) contains higher concentrations of crude fiber, γ-oryzanol, and phytic acid compared to whole rice bran (WRB). In this study, we examined the effects of feeding OBFR on lipid accumulation and fecal excretion in rats. Twenty-one male rats at seven-week-old were divided into a control group and two treatment groups. The(More)
To investigate the intracellular signaling mechanisms by which clenbuterol reduces muscle protein degradation, we examined the phosphorylation level and intracellular localization of FOXO1 in the sartorius muscle of neonatal chicks. One-day-old chicks were given a single intraperitoneal injection of clenbuterol (0.1 mg/kg body weight). Three hours after(More)
Expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx, a muscle-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase, is high under catabolic conditions, that result in muscle atrophy. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx is increased by the glucocorticoid dexamethasone in mammalian skeletal muscle. This study investigated the effects of dexamethasone on expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx in(More)
The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of clenbuterol injection into newly hatched chicks on both the abdominal fat pad tissue weight and the skeletal muscle weight during subsequent growth. Twenty-seven 1-day-old chicks were divided into two groups, receiving either a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of clenbuterol (0.1 mg/kg body(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of first exogenous nutrients on the mRNA levels of muscle atrophy F-box (atrogin-1/MAFbx) and glucose transporters (GLUTs) in the skeletal muscles of newly hatched chicks with no feed experience. In experiment 1, newly hatched chicks had free access to feed or were fasted for the first 24h. The chicks having(More)