Dai Shiba

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The involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in an augmented sensitivity to painful stimuli (hyperalgesia) during inflammation has been suggested, yet how and where ROS affect the pain signaling remain unknown. Here we report a novel role for the superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase in the development of hyperalgesia. In mice lacking Nox1 (Nox1(-/Y)), a(More)
Primary cilia are organelles that extend from the cell surface. More than 600 proteins have been identified in cilia, but ciliary targeting mechanisms are poorly understood. Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease with 11 responsible genes (NPHP1-11) thus far being identified. The mouse Nphp3 gene product is localized in the(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a common hereditary disease in humans. Recent studies have shown an increasing number of ciliary genes that are involved in the pathogenesis of PKD. In this study, the Gli-similar3 (glis3) gene was identified as the causal gene of the medaka pc mutant, a model of PKD. In the pc mutant, a transposon was found to be inserted(More)
To elucidate the pure impact of microgravity on small mammals despite uncontrolled factors that exist in the International Space Station, it is necessary to construct a 1 g environment in space. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has developed a novel mouse habitat cage unit that can be installed in the Cell Biology Experiment Facility in the Kibo(More)
Gravity change affects many immunological systems. We investigated the effects of hypergravity (2G) on murine thymic cells. Exposure of mice to 2G for three days reduced the frequency of CD4+CD8+ thymocytes (DP) and mature medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs), accompanied by an increment of keratin-5 and keratin-8 double-positive (K5+K8+) TECs that(More)
Primary cilia are microtubule-based organelles projecting from the surface of nearly all cells. Primary cilia are complex organelles and are structurally divided longitudinally into sub-compartments that include the basal body, the transitional zone, the ciliary shaft and the tip. Nephro-nophthisis (NPHP) is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease with(More)
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