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The aim of this study was to examine the effect of plant species differing in functional and phylogenetic traits on the decomposition processes of leaf litter in a grassland of Japanese pampas grass (Miscanthus sinensis) and adjacent forests of Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora) and Japanese oak (Quercus crispula), representing sequential stages of(More)
The diversity, composition, and host recurrence of endophytic fungi in the Xylariaceae were compared in subtropical (ST), cool temperate (CT), and subboreal forests (SB) in Japan based on the 28S ribosomal DNA sequences from fungal isolates. A total of 610 isolates were obtained from the leaves of 167 tree species in three sites, which were classified into(More)
Beech cupule litter is the second largest (next to leaf litter) component of total annual litterfall in mast years, and makes an important contribution to carbon budgets in beech forest soils. We investigated the decomposition processes of beech cupule litter over a 30-month period with reference to the role of fungal succession in the decomposition of(More)
The root diameters as well as colonization and diversity of the root-associating fungi of Vaccinium oldhamii Miq. were investigated in order to obtain information on their mycorrhizal properties. The distal regions of roots had typical hair roots with diameters of less than 100 μm. Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi (ErMF) and dark septate endophytes (DSE) were(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset, progressive, and fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by selective loss of motor neurons. Both ALS model mice and patients with sporadic ALS have increased levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Furthermore, the protein levels of microsomal PGE synthase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2, which catalyze PGE2(More)
The order Endogonales within Mucoromycotina includes several ectomycorrhizal species and endophytes of lower land plants. As such, this order is a key taxon for investigation of the evolutionary process of plant–fungal symbioses. However, no taxonomic study of Endogonales based on morphological and phylogenetic data has been performed, and the geographic(More)
In this paper, we propose a 4-Dimensional Higher-order Local Auto-Correlation (4D HLAC). The method aims to extract the features of a 3D time series, which is regarded as a 4D static pattern. This is an orthodox extension of the original HLAC, which represents correlations among local values in 2D images and can effectively summarize motion in 3D space. To(More)
  • Yuji Oshima, Dai Hirose, Syohei Toyoyama, Keisuke Kawano, Shibo Qin, Tomoya Suzuki +3 others
  • 2013
—We focus on two critical features in big size robot soccer. First, efficient training is one of the important issues for RoboCup teams to adapt their robots on site. Real robot's training takes time and may damage the hardware while simulated one may miss the important factors to be improved. Second, to predict behavior of opponent robots is necessary for(More)
Data are rather lacking on the diversity of microfungi associated with exotic plant substrates transported to continental Antarctica. We examined the diversity and species composition of microfungi associated with withering woody shoots of saplings of Salix spp. (willows) transplanted and in ground contact near Syowa Station, East Antarctica for more than(More)