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BACKGROUND Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common manifestation of polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), and clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM); however, little is known about the factors influencing the prognosis for PM/DM/CADM-associated ILD. (PM/DM/CADM-ILD). The aim of the present study is to assess prognostic factors for(More)
BACKGROUND The pathological appearance of idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) with hematoxylin-eosin staining is similar to that of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The amount of elastic fibers (EF) and detailed differences between IPPFE and IPF have not been fully elucidated. The aim(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the risk factors and prognosis associated with acute exacerbation (AE) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD). DESIGN A retrospective case-control study. SETTING A single academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS 51 consecutive patients diagnosed with RA-ILD between 1995 and 2012. All(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the cumulative incidence and the predictive factors for collagen vascular disease (CVD) in patients initially diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to examine the features of patients who then developed CVD. METHODS This was a retrospective review of 111 consecutive patients with IPF(More)
BACKGROUND Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) has an extremely poor prognosis and there is currently no effective treatment for this condition. Direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX-DHP) improves oxygenation, but it is unclear whether treatment of AE-IPF with PMX-DHP affects survival. This study(More)
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is one of the most common Gram-negative pathogens in otitis media and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. NTHi has been reported to invade bronchial epithelial cells. This penetration enables NTHi to evade the host immune system and antibiotics, and it seems to be related to the intractable(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of the clinical course of sarcoidosis requires long-term observation. However, the appropriate period of follow-up for sarcoidosis remains unclear, especially in patients without indication of corticosteroid therapy at the time of diagnosis. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to clarify the cumulative incidence and identify risk factors for(More)
Viral respiratory infections activate the innate immune response in the airway epithelium through Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and induce airway inflammation, which causes acute exacerbation of asthma. Although increases in IL-17A expression were observed in the airway of severe asthma patients, the interaction between IL-17A and TLR activation in airway(More)
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