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Animal models have been used extensively in diabetes research. Early studies used pancreatectomised dogs to confirm the central role of the pancreas in glucose homeostasis, culminating in the discovery and purification of insulin. Today, animal experimentation is contentious and subject to legal and ethical restrictions that vary throughout the world. Most(More)
A gynandroblastoma of the ovary in a 17-year-old girl is reported. Primary amenorrhoea, hirsuties and slight clitoral enlargement were associated with the tumour and high levels of circulating testosterone were found. This is the first gynandroblastoma in which Reinke crystalloids have been identified in the Leydig cell component. The criteria for the(More)
The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence and significance of ossicles of lumbar articular facets (OLAF) in young athletes with backache diagnosed by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). The MDCT examinations of the lumbar spine carried out for suspected spondylolysis on 46 consecutive symptomatic young athletes presenting to a(More)
The cause of diabetes may be primary or secondary. Primary diabetes is divided into insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or type I diabetes, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or type II diabetes, with the two representing different diseases from an epidemiological viewpoint. Secondary diabetes is caused by liver, pancreatic and(More)
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