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Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a phosphoprotein subunit of the troponin-tropomyosin complex that is thought to inhibit cardiac muscle contraction during diastole. To investigate the contributions of cTnI phosphorylation to cardiac regulation, transgenic mice were created with the phosphorylation sites of cTnI mutated to alanine. Activation of protein kinase C(More)
The cardiac myofilament protein troponin I (cTnI) is phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC), a family of serine/threonine kinases activated within heart muscle by a variety of agonists. cTnI is also a substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activated during beta-adrenergic signaling. To investigate the role of cTnI phosphorylation in contractile(More)
PURPOSE The integrin alphavbeta3 is an adhesion molecule expressed by proliferating endothelial cells and antibodies blocking this integrin inhibit angiogenesis in preclinical models. MEDI-522 is a second generation humanized anti-alphavbeta3 antibody designed for antiangiogenic therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine potential effects of this(More)
Microtubules are ubiquitous in eukaryotic cells and play key roles in many cellular activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of microtubules on vascular smooth muscle contraction. Quantitative immunocytochemical analysis of rat aortic tissue revealed that, relative to the control group, colchicine (15 μM, 90 min) and nocodazole(More)
Microtubules constitute one of the main cytoskeletal components in eukaryotic cells. Recent studies have shown that microtubule disruption induced significant vasoconstriction or enhanced agonist-induced contraction in vascular smooth muscle. However, the underlying mechanisms are not clear. We hypothesize that microtubule disruption may affect contractile(More)
Microtubules may influence smooth muscle contraction either via involvement in signal transduction processes or by serving as an internal load that opposes contraction. To test the latter hypothesis, microtubule distribution and the unloaded shortening velocity were investigated in freshly isolated single vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) treated with(More)
Purpose: The integrin αvβ3 is an adhesion molecule expressed by proliferating endothelial cells and antibodies blocking this integrin inhibit angiogenesis in preclinical models. MEDI-522 is a second generation humanized anti-αvβ3 antibody designed for antiangiogenic therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine potential effects of this agent on blood(More)
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) comprises a spectrum ranging from polyclonal hyperplasia to aggressive monoclonal lymphomas. The majority of PTLDs are of B-cell origin while T-cell PTLDs and Hodgkin lymphoma-like PTLDs are uncommon. Here, we report a unique case of a 56-year-old man in whom a lymphoma with two distinct components(More)