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Using the adjacent histologically normal tissues obtained from the same patients as controls, six human lung tumors were studied for the activities of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor binding, and receptor autophosphorylation. There was a 1.2- to 2.8-fold increase in EGF receptor activities in lung tumors due to an increase in the number of receptors(More)
A dose-dependent effect of magnesium on the inhibition of platelet aggregation and release of ATP from dense granules was observed in human platelets (in whole blood, platelet-rich plasma, or washed platelets) against various aggregation agents (ADP, U46619, collagen, or thrombin). The synthesis and release of the proaggregatory cyclooxygenase (CO) and(More)
Evidence suggests that magnesium (Mg) deficiency may play a key role in cardiovascular disease. In particular, Mg deficiency may lead to a potentiation of platelet aggregation. However, the factor(s) regulating intracellular-free Mg concentration ([Mg2+]i) in platelets is not known. We studied the effects of insulin on the changes of [Mg2+]i in human(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is known to be present in the alpha granules of human platelets; however the source of this EGF, ie, whether it is taken up by the platelets from the circulation, or whether it is packaged into the platelets from the megakaryocyte during thrombopoiesis, is unknown. To determine whether EGF is taken up by platelets, platelets(More)
1. This study examined (i) whether blood-infused epidermal growth factor (EGF) can pass into urine; (ii) whether infused labelled EGF behaves like endogenous plasma immunoreactive EGF; and (iii) which parts of the human nephron show morphological evidence of EGF synthesis? 2. We infused human [131I]-EGF into a volunteer. After 6 min, only 66% of the plasma(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) are potent mitogens present in human platelets. Since they are likely to be released simultaneously at the site of vessel injury, their combined effects on vascular smooth muscle cells are more relevant(More)
Platelet-rich plasma in acidic-citrate-dextrose anticoagulant was kept for 5 days in an oxygen-permeable bag at 22 degrees C in an incubator/rotator. Platelet count remained stable throughout the experiment. On days 0, 3 and 5, aliquots were removed; platelets were isolated by centrifugation at 22 degrees C, 1500 g for 20 min, reconstituted to the original(More)
The livers of rats fed the hepatocarcinogen 2-acetylaminofluorene (0.02%) with chow showed a sharp decrease in the binding of epidermal growth factor to microsomes and Golgi fractions. The binding to the latter decreased from 15.3% specific binding per 0.1 mg protein in controls to 9.4% after 2 days and reached a nadir of 0.8% after 21 days. The binding to(More)
A history of unexplained low back pain associated with chronic constipation in an adolescent girl of menarchal age or in an obviously postmenarchal girl should make one consider an imperforate hymen with hematocolpos. This is a particular important differential diagnosis in the work-up of an adolescent who denies ever having had menses or sexual activity.(More)
Carcinogen-mediated alterations in hepatic membrane growth factor receptor activity were investigated with the use of the hepatocarcinogen diethylnitrosamine [(DENA) CAS: 55-18-5]. For the separate assessment of carcinogen-induced acute membrane receptor changes from changes associated with carcinogen-mediated alterations in growth, the receptor activity(More)