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OBJECTIVE Ganglioside-induced differentiation associated-protein 1 (GDAP1) mutations are commonly associated with autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth (ARCMT) neuropathy; however, in rare instances, they also lead to autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth (ADCMT). We aimed to investigate the frequency of disease-causing heterozygous GDAP1 mutations in(More)
Within the last decade, numerous methods have been applied to detect the most common mutation in patients affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, i.e. submicroscopic duplication in the 17p11.2–p12 region. In 1993, another neuropathy — known as hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) — has been shown to be caused by a(More)
Polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were analyzed in 152 samples from the Polish population using restriction enzymes AvaI, BamHI, HaeII, HpaI and PstI. Additionally, each sample was classified into the appropriate haplogroup. When required, appropriate fragments were sequenced to establish the exact polymorphic sites. We found one new morph for PstI(More)
Early onset hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies are rare disorders encompassing congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy with disease onset in the direct post-natal period and Dejerine-Sottas neuropathy starting in infancy. The clinical spectrum, however, reaches beyond the boundaries of these two historically defined disease entities. De novo dominant(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy cases with facial weakness before the age of 5 and signs of shoulder weakness by the age of 10 are defined as early onset. Contraction of the D4Z4 repeat on chromosome 4q35 is causally related to facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1, and the residual size of the D4Z4 repeat shows a roughly inverse correlation(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1C disease (CMT1C) is a rare form of hereditary demyelinating neuropathy caused by mutations in the LITAF (lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-) gene. CMT1C disease was mapped to chromosome 16p12-p 13.3. To date only a few mutations in the LITAF gene have been reported. Due to a small group of CMT1C reported patients,(More)
In recent years numerous mutations in the LMNA gene encoding lamin A/C were shown to segregate with a wide spectrum of phenotypes. A recurrent p.R377H mutation in the LMNA gene was reported in patients with Emery-Dreifuss dystrophy (EDMD2) with various ethnic backgrounds. We present a patient with EDMD2 caused by a p.R377H mutation, associated with mild(More)
Recent studies have shown that mutations in neurofilament light subunit gene (NEFL) cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. Since the first description of the Gln333Pro mutation in the NEFL gene, 10 pathogenic mutations in the NEFL gene have been reported in patients affected with CMT disease. We report a novel I214M amino acid substitution in the NEFL(More)
In contrast to mutations in the coding sequences of a genes involved in the pathogenesis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), little is known about CMT phenotypes resulting from a DNA variants located in regulatory sequences of a given " CMT gene". Charcot-Marie-Tooth type X1 disease (CMTX1) is caused by mutations in the GJB1 gene coding for an ion channel(More)
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) caused by mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene is characterized by a spectrum of phenotypes. Recurrent nonsense mutations (Q163X and S194X) showing regional distribution segregate with an early onset, severe course of recessive CMT disease with early loss of ambulancy.(More)