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Most retinal ganglion cells (Levick and Thibos, 1982) and cortical cells (Leventhal, 1983; Leventhal et al., 1984) subserving peripheral vision respond best to stimuli that are oriented radially, i.e., like the spokes of a wheel with the area centralis at the hub. We have extended this work by comparing directly the distributions of orientations represented(More)
In primates, each hemisphere contains a representation of the contralateral visual hemifield; unilateral damage to the visual pathways results in loss of vision in half of the visual field. Apparently similar severe, unilateral lesions to the central visual pathways can result in two qualitatively different central visual field defects termed macular(More)
Retinal ganglion cells were studied in pigmented ferrets that received small electrophoretic injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) or optic tract. Ferret retina contains a number of types of retinal ganglion cells of which the relative cell body sizes, dendritic field structures, and central projections(More)
BACKGROUND People who travel to areas with high rabies endemicity and have animal contact are at increased risk for rabies exposure. We examined characteristics of international travelers queried regarding rabies vaccination during pretravel consultations at Global TravEpiNet (GTEN) practices during 2009-2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed bivariate(More)
As in all mammals studied to date, primate retina contains morphologically distinct classes of retinal ganglion cells (Polyak: The Retina. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, '41; Boycott and Dowling: Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. [Biol.] 225:109-184, '69; Leventhal et al.: Science 213:1139-1142, '81; Perry et al.: Neuroscience 12:1101-1123, '84; Rodieck(More)
The various forms of albinism affect about one in 10,000 births in the United States. An additional 1 to 2 percent of the population has normal pigmentation but is heterozygous and carries a recessive allele for albinism. The retinogeniculocortical pathways were studied in normally pigmented cats that carry a recessive allele for albinism. The cats(More)
We compared the central projections of retinal ganglion cells in temporal retina and the cortical representation of visual fields in areas 17 and 18 in cats with various hypopigmentation phenotypes (albino, heterozygous albino, Siamese, and heterozygous Siamese). In all cats studied, we found that the extent of abnormal ipsilateral visual field(More)
In the normally pigmented neonatal cat, many ganglion cells in temporal retina project to the contralateral dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) and medial interlaminar nucleus (MIN). Most of these cells are eliminated during postnatal development. If one optic tract is sectioned at birth, much of this exuberant projection from the contralateral(More)
The development of the nasotemporal division in cat retina was studied. We find that in the normally pigmented neonatal cat significant numbers of ganglion cells of all types in temporal retina project to the contralateral dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd); far fewer cells in temporal retina project contralaterally to the LGNd in the normal adult.(More)
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