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The pharmacokinetics (distribution, metabolism, bioavailability, excretion) and toxicity (acute and subacute toxicity, mutagenicity) of a superparamagnetic iron oxide preparation (AMI-25), currently used in clinical trials, were evaluated by 59Fe radiotracer studies, measurements of relaxation times, the ability to reverse iron deficiency anemia, histologic(More)
Conventional chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) were used to evaluate tube thoracostomy drainage of pleural empyema in 26 selected patients. Frontal radiographs alone were inadequate in the evaluation of thoracostomy tube placement, as only one of 21 malpositioned tubes was identified; however, when lateral radiographs were also obtained, eight(More)
Relations between spatial distribution of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles and the image contrast caused by SPIO were investigated. Actual clustering pattern of particles was measured in the liver and spleen of animals using intravital laser confocal microscopy. SPIO-doped phantoms with and without Sephadex beads were made to simulate these(More)
The proton relaxation effect of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles under varying conditions of spatial distribution was investigated with use of phantoms. Agar phantoms containing various concentrations of SPIO or gadopentetate dimeglumine, with and without Sephadex beads, were studied. Phantoms with Sephadex had a heterogeneous spatial(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (ferrite) particles were evaluated as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. In this pilot study, doses ranging from 10 to 50 mumol/kg were administered intravenously to 15 patients. Ferrite-enhanced images of the liver obtained with standard pulse sequence techniques significantly increased the number of hepatic(More)
The tumor suppressor gene patched (ptc) encodes an approximately 140 kDa polytopic transmembrane protein [1-3] [corrected] that binds members of the Hedgehog (Hh) family of signaling proteins [4-6] [corrected] and regulates the activity of Smoothened (Smo), a G protein-coupled receptor-like protein essential for Hh signal transduction [7-9] [corrected]. Ptc(More)
Thirteen patients with biopsy proven hepatic lymphoma (2 Hodgkin, 11 Non-Hodgkin) and a control group of 15 patients with hepatic metastases were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively by MRI. Focal hepatic lymphoma was most reliably detected (eight of eight patients) and appeared hypointense relative to liver on T1 weighted (CNR - 7.4 +/- 2.3) and(More)
This study was designed to evaluate superparamagnetic iron oxide (AMI-25) as a contrast agent for MR to distinguish normal spleens from those diffusely infiltrated by lymphoma. As diffuse splenic involvement lacks visible tumor-tissue boundaries, signal-intensity measurements of spleens were used as a diagnostic criterion in 33 patients (lymphoma, n = 8;(More)
The first human MR imaging results for the hepatobiliary contrast agent manganese(II)N,N'-dipyridoxylethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetate 5,5'-bis(phosphate) (MnDPDP) are reported. MnDPDP is a paramagnetic contrast agent specific for hepatobiliary imaging. An imaging study was performed to investigate the presence of contrast enhancement or facilitated(More)
Twenty-four patients with acute sigmoid diverticulitis and associated pelvic fluid collections seen on computed tomographic scans underwent percutaneous catheter drainage as an adjunct to surgical therapy. Fourteen of the 24 underwent a single-stage surgical procedure within 10 days of drainage. Five patients required two-stage surgical procedures because(More)