Dagmar Ruth Stach Machado

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OBJECTIVES Treatment outcome of MDR-TB is critically dependent on the proper use of second-line drugs as per the result of in vitro drug susceptibility testing (DST). We aimed to establish a standardized DST procedure based on quantitative determination of drug resistance and compared the results with those of genotypes associated with drug resistance. (More)
Allelic differences in gene promoter or codifying regions have been described to affect regulation of gene expression, consequently increasing or decreasing cytokine production and signal transduction responses to a given stimulus. This observation has been reported for interleukin (IL)-10 (-1082 A/G; -819/-592 CT/CA), transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(More)
Tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) are widely studied for their possible use in the treatment of inflammatory disorders, such as autoimmune diseases. One of the obstacles for the use of this cell-based therapy is the characterization of drugs that are able to modulate DCs. We have previously shown that chloroquine (CQ), an antimalarial agent, has the ability(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and CMV disease remain important issues in renal transplantation. Incidence depends on individual patient risk. There are different possible strategies for CMV prophylaxis. In our center CMV prevention includes prophylaxis with low-dose valganciclovir for all high-risk recipients; for the remaining patients, valganciclovir is(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are being increasingly isolated in clinical laboratories and present technical and therapeutic challenges. In the present study, we report our experience with the identification of NTM received from 12 Lisbon hospitals over a 3-year period using GenoType Mycobacterium (CM/AS) assays (HAIN Lifescience GmbH, Nehren, Germany).(More)
We report the case of an isolated JC virus (JCV) infection, without co-infection by polyoma BK virus (BKV), associated with nephropathy 4 years after kidney transplantation. Clinical suspicion followed the observation of a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and a renal allograft biopsy revealing polyomavirus-associated(More)
Development of streptomycin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is usually associated with mutations in rpsL and rrs genes, although up to 50% of clinical streptomycin-resistant isolates may present no mutation in either of these genes. In the present report we investigate the role of gidB gene mutations in streptomycin resistance. We have analyzed 52(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) developed among 11 of 416 renal allograft recipients transplanted between 1985 and 2000. Only 3 among 364 Caucasian recipients developed KS, while it affected 8 of 52 Black patients, all of whom had been born in African countries (P <.001). All patients had their immunosuppression reduced; two also received daunorubicin and one(More)
Inflammation is a necessary process to control infection. However, exacerbated inflammation, acute or chronic, promotes deleterious effects in the organism. Violacein (viola), a quorum sensing metabolite from the Gram-negative bacterium Chromobacterium violaceum, has been shown to protect mice from malaria and to have beneficial effects on tumors. However,(More)