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Understanding the response of a crop to drought is the first step in the breeding of tolerant genotypes. In our study, two maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes with contrasting sensitivity to dehydration were subjected to moderate drought conditions. The subsequent analysis of their physiological parameters revealed a decreased stomatal conductance accompanied by(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signalling molecule with diverse physiological functions in plants. In plant cell, it is synthesised in several metabolic ways either enzymatically or nonenzymatically. Due to its high reactivity, it could be also cytotoxic in dependence on concentration. Such effects could be also mediated by NO-derived compounds. However,(More)
Metabolomics has become an important tool in clinical research and diagnosis of human diseases. In this work we focused on the diagnosis of inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs) in plasma samples using a targeted metabolomic approach. The plasma samples were analyzed with the flow injection analysis method. All the experiments were performed on a QTRAP 5500(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation comprise a group of genetic defects with a high frequency of intellectual disability, caused by deficient glycosylation of proteins and lipids. The molecular basis of the majority of the congenital disorders of glycosylation type I subtypes, localized in the cytosol and endoplasmic reticulum, has been solved. However,(More)
Large gene deletions and duplications were analyzed in 59 unrelated phenylketonuria (PKU) patients negative for phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) mutations on one or both alleles from previous exon by exon analysis. Using the novel multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method, a total of 31 partial PAH deletions involving single exons were(More)
We applied the alkaline version of the single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) to seedlings of heterozygous tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. var. xanthi) treated with zinc acetate dihydrate (20 to 80 mM Zn2+ for 2 h or 2 to 12 mM Zn2+ for 24 h). A dose dependent increase in DNA damage expressed by the tail moment values were observed in nuclei isolated(More)
Cytokinins (CKs) are involved in response to various environmental cues, including salinity. It has been previously reported that enhancing CK contents improved salt stress tolerance in tomato. However, the underlying mechanisms of CK metabolism and signaling under salt stress conditions remain to be deciphered. Two tomato isopentenyltransferases, SlIPT3(More)
A pot experiment was conducted to compare the responses of a non-transgenic tobacco plant (WT) and plants with genetically prolonged life-span (SAG) to risk elements of As, Cd and Zn. Plants were grown in control soil and in soil with higher levels of risk elements. The pigment contents were established by HPLC and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were(More)
Phenylketonuria is an inherited disorder of metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine caused by a deficit of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase. It is treated with a low-protein diet containing a low content of phenylalanine to prevent mental affection of the patient. Because of the restricted intake of high-biologic-value protein, patients with(More)
Wolfram-like syndrome (WFSL) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterised by congenital progressive hearing loss, diabetes mellitus, and optic atrophy. The patient was a boy with the juvenile form of diabetes mellitus and findings which clinically matched the symptoms of Wolfram syndrome. At the age of 3 1/4 years, diabetes mellitus was diagnosed in(More)
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