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Laminopathies are a group of disorders caused by mutations in the LMNA gene encoding A-type lamins, components of the nuclear lamina. Three of these disorders affect specifically the skeletal and/or cardiac muscles, and their pathogenic mechanisms are still unknown. We chose the LMNA H222P missense mutation identified in a family with autosomal dominant(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C) gene mutations are involved in familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC). Many of these mutations produce truncated proteins, which are unstable in the cardiac tissue of patients, suggesting that haploinsufficiency could account for the development of the phenotype. However, existing mouse models of(More)
Cardiac Na(+) channels encoded by the SCN5A gene are essential for initiating heart beats and maintaining a regular heart rhythm. Mutations in these channels have recently been associated with atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias, conduction disorders, and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).We investigated a young male patient with a mixed phenotype(More)
STUDY/PRINCIPLES Arrythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is an autosomal-dominantly inherited disease caused by mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins and is characterised by fibrofatty replacement occurring predominantly in the right ventricle and can result in sudden cardiac death. Naxos and Carvajal syndrome, autosomal(More)
AIMS Brugada syndrome (BrS) is characterized by arrhythmias leading to sudden cardiac death. BrS is caused, in part, by mutations in the SCN5A gene, which encodes the sodium channel alpha-subunit Na(v)1.5. Here, we aimed to characterize the biophysical properties and consequences of a novel BrS SCN5A mutation. METHODS AND RESULTS SCN5A was screened for(More)
BACKGROUND Physician intershift handover has been identified as an area of high risk for adverse events, representing a critical step in patient care transition. Due to frequent shift changes and high patient numbers, emergency departments offer an ideal study setting. AIM OF THE STUDY At a tertiary care hospital emergency department we aimed to reduce(More)
BACKGROUND Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by corrected QT interval prolongation leading to torsades de pointes and sudden cardiac death. LQTS type 2 (LQTS2) is caused by mutations in the KCNH2 gene, leading to a reduction of the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current and loss of human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) channel function by(More)
The human cardiac sodium channel Na(v)1.5 encoded by the SCN5A gene plays a critical role in cardiac excitability and the propagation of action potentials. Na(v)1.5 dysfunctions due to mutations cause cardiac diseases such as the LQT3 form of long QT syndrome, conduction disorders, and Brugada syndrome (BrS). They have also recently been associated with(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess the ability of a new noninvasive method to quantify atherosclerosis severity and to examine its power to predict cardiovascular events. BACKGROUND Drug prevention of cardiovascular events is effective but costly, leading to a debate about who should receive this treatment. Patient selection is often based on surrogate(More)
AIM Diagnosis of early stages of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) with minimal structural abnormalities is challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of repeated cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients referred for right ventricular arrhythmias and clinical suspicion of ARVC. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)