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We investigated the phylogeography of the main lineages in the tadpole shrimp Triops mauritanicus Ghigi in the southwestern Iberian Peninsula, using mito-chondrial 12S and 16S rDNA sequences. Our results indicate that a fourth, hitherto unknown main phylogenetic lineage occurs in Iberia, so that in total, the species is divided into six distinct clades,(More)
SUMMARY 1. The survival of cyclopoid copepods was investigated in a floodplain for 2 years where flooding occurred during the cold season. The cyclopoid community was studied in three waterbodies with distinct hydroperiods: a permanent pond connected to the flooded area during inundation, a temporary pool that is part of the flooded area and an isolated(More)
Population genetic surveys approximately 25 years apart examined the distribution and abundance of asexual clones of the freshwater zooplankter Daphnia pulex complex in rock pools near Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. In 1984-1985, melanic members of this species complex were present in 131 rock pools at this site, but were only detected in 90 of these pools in(More)
1. During a study of five artificial brackish ponds situated in Donãna Natural Park and the Guadalquivir delta between July 2001 and June 2002, a total of six copepod species (two calanoids, three cyclopoids and one harpacticoid) were recorded. All of them are typical of brackish or estuarine habitats. 2. The estuarine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa(More)
Speculation about the role of waterbirds in the dispersal of aquatic invertebrates pre-dates Dar-win. However, there is a critical shortage of field studies quantifying such dispersal. We quantified the viability of aquatic invertebrates in the faeces of different waterfowl species collected in the field at different times during winter. Faeces were(More)
The magnitude of community-wide dispersal is central to metacommunity models, yet dispersal is notoriously difficult to quantify in passive and cryptic dispersers such as many freshwater invertebrates. By overcoming the problem of quantifying dispersal rates, colonization rates into new habitats can provide a useful estimate of the magnitude of effective(More)
Twenty-five sites located in five wetland zones within Donãna, southwest Spain were studied for copepod and cladoceran species richness and composition in relation to habitat characteristics from January to March 2004. The c-diversity of copepods and cladocerans combined varied between wetland zones, which differed significantly in conductivity, surface(More)
Over 30 years after drainage for agriculture , a 2700 ha temporary marshland was recently restored in Doñana National Park. We describe the recovery of zooplankton communities (copepods, cladocerans and rotifers) in 47 new temporary ponds excavated as part of the restoration project during the first two hydroperiods (April 2006 and 2007), and compare them(More)
BACKGROUND Copepods outnumber every other multicellular animal group. They are critical components of the world's freshwater and marine ecosystems, sensitive indicators of local and global climate change, key ecosystem service providers, parasites and predators of economically important aquatic animals and potential vectors of waterborne disease. Copepods(More)