Learn More
Although glioblastomas show the same histologic phenotype, biological hallmarks such as growth and differentiation properties vary considerably between individual cases. To investigate whether different subtypes of glioblastomas might originate from different cells of origin, we cultured tumor cells from 22 glioblastomas under medium conditions favoring the(More)
In chordate phylogeny, changes in the nervous system, jaws, and appendages transformed meek filter feeders into fearsome predators. Gene duplication is thought to promote such innovation. Vertebrate ancestors probably had single copies of genes now found in multiple copies in vertebrates and gene maps suggest that this occurred by polyploidization. It has(More)
Effective tools for use in control programmes against bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infections require insight into the relationship between the variant structure of the bovine leukaemia virus and the spatial-temporal interaction of isolates and hosts. Our study showed the presence of two types of BLV isolates - Australian and Argentine - in dairy herds from(More)
The prognosis of patients suffering from glioblastoma (GBM) is dismal despite multimodal therapy. Although chemotherapy with temozolomide may contain tumor growth for some months, invariable tumor recurrence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) maintaining these tumors persist. We have therefore investigated the effect of temozolomide on CD133(+) and(More)
In the genus Bordetella several important human and animal pathogens are classified with B. pertussis, the etiological agent of whooping cough, being medically the most relevant. In these bacteria expression of the most important virulence factors including several toxins, adhesins and colonization factors is controlled by a single master regulatory(More)
The nickel-containing enzyme urease is an essential colonization factor of the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori which enables the bacteria to survive the low-pH conditions of the stomach. Transcription of the urease genes is positively controlled in response to increasing concentrations of nickel ions and acidic pH. Here we demonstrate that(More)
Colonization of the gastric mucosa by Helicobacter pylori is the major cause of gastroduodenal pathologies in humans. Studying the outcome of the humoral immune response directed against this gastric pathogen may contribute substantially to vaccine development and to the improvement of diagnostic techniques based on serology. By using two-dimensional gel(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is paradigmatic for the investigation of cancer stem cells (CSC) in solid tumors. Growing evidence suggests that different types of CSC lead to the formation of GBM. This has prompted the present comparison of gene expression profiles between 17 GBM CSC lines and their different putative founder cells. Using a newly derived(More)
Infection of cattle with the bovine leukemia virus (BLV) results in a strong permanent antibody response to the BLV antigens some weeks after infection. However, cattle may carry provirus and not have detectable antibody titers. To prove the occurrence of different BLV provirus variants in German cattle and to study the influence of special BLV variants on(More)
Two-component systems are widely distributed in prokaryotes where they control gene expression in response to diverse stimuli. To study the role of the sixteen putative two-component systems of Listeria monocytogenes systematically, in frame deletions were introduced into 15 out of the 16 response regulator genes and the resulting mutants were(More)