Dagfinn Skaare

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The most important mechanism for beta-lactam resistance in beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) isolates of Haemophilus influenzae is the alteration of penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) as a result of ftsI gene mutations. The present study aimed to map PBP3 alterations and to determine the correlation to beta-lactam resistance in(More)
Beta-lactam resistance in Haemophilus influenzae due to ftsI mutations causing altered penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) is increasing worldwide. Low-level resistant isolates with the N526K substitution (group II low-rPBP3) predominate in most geographical regions, while high-level resistant isolates with the additional S385T substitution (group III(More)
Resistance to cephalosporins in Haemophilus influenzae is usually caused by characteristic alterations in penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3), encoded by the ftsI gene. Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins is associated with high-level PBP3-mediated resistance (high-rPBP3), defined by the second stage S385T substitution in addition to a first(More)
Two related outbreaks (in 2009 and 2012) of cryptosporidiosis in Norwegian schoolchildren during a stay at a remote holiday farm provided us with a natural experiment to investigate possible secondary transmission of Cryptosporidium parvum IIa A19G1R1. After the children had returned home, clinical data and stool samples were obtained from their household(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance is a problem in nursing homes. Presumed urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infection. This study examines urine culture results from elderly patients to see if specific guidelines based on gender or whether the patient resides in a nursing home (NH) are warranted. METHODS This is a cross sectional(More)
Several studies have reported an increased incidence of candidaemia and a redistribution of species, with a decrease in the number of Candida albicans isolates. In Norway, a prospective, national surveillance study of candidaemia has been ongoing since 1991. Data from the period 1991-2003 have been published previously. The aim of this study was to follow(More)
Haemophilus influenzae is a major pathogen, and beta-lactams are first-line drugs. Resistance due to altered penicillin-binding protein 3 (rPBP3) is frequent, and susceptibility testing of such strains is challenging. A collection of 154 beta-lactamase-negative isolates with a large proportion of rPBP3 (67.5%) was used to evaluate and compare Etest(More)
BACKGROUND Yersiniosis is a zoonosis that is transmitted from pigs to humans. In January 2006 more cases of Yersinia enterocolitica enterocolitis than expected were reported in Norway. The fact that the isolates belonged to the O:9 serogroup, which is rare in Norway, and the geographical and temporal clustering of the cases, pointed to an outbreak. We have(More)