Dagfinn Ekse

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Following the introduction of potent aromatase inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer patients, highly sensitive methods have become mandatory to evaluate the influence of these drugs on plasma estrogen levels. Commercially available kits for estrogen measurements are not suitable for these kinds of evaluations due to their detection limits that are(More)
BACKGROUND The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes 2C19, 2D6, and 3A5 are responsible for converting the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), tamoxifen to its active metabolites 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen (4OHtam) and 4-hydroxy-N-demethyltamoxifen (4OHNDtam, endoxifen). Inter-individual variations of the activity of these enzymes due to polymorphisms may be(More)
Plasma insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, free IGF-I and -II, IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-1, -2, and -3 together with IGFBP-3 protease activity were measured in 114 postmenopausal and 39 premenopausal healthy women. For each parameter, the mathematical distribution was characterised, and the normal range for pre- and postmenopausal women described,(More)
The adipocytokine leptin has recently been shown to enhance the expression of aromatase via promoter II and I.3 using an AP-1 motif. Thus, we evaluated the correlation between plasma leptin concentrations and total body aromatization (TBA) as well as plasma levels of estrone (E(1)), estradiol (E(2)) and estrone sulfate (E(1)S) in postmenopausal breast(More)
Breast cancer tissue estrogen levels on an average exceed plasma as well as benign breast tissue levels. To evaluate the contribution of intra-tumor aromatization to individual tumor estrogen levels (estradiol, E2; estrone, E1; estrone sulfate, E1S), breast cancer tissue sections obtained during mastectomy in 28 postmenopausal breast cancer patients were(More)
While growth factors and hormones are known to influence aromatase expression in experimental systems, little is know about potential factors influencing peripheral aromatization in postmenopausal women. The fact that peripheral aromatase activity is higher in old compared to young women and the finding of relatively high tissue estradiol (E2)(More)
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