Dagfinn Ekse

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Previous studies have suggested elevated estrogen production in tumour-bearing breast quadrants as well as in breast cancers versus benign tissue. Using highly sensitive assays, we determined breast cancer tissue estrogen concentrations together with plasma and benign tissue estrogen concentrations in each quadrant obtained from mastectomy specimens (34(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the influence of the third-generation aromatase inhibitor letrozole (Femara) on breast cancer tissue levels of estrone (E(1)), estradiol (E(2)), and estrone sulfate (E(1)S) in postmenopausal women undergoing primary treatment for locally advanced estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor-positive breast cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE Oestrogens, androgens and anti-endocrine drugs such as tamoxifen and aminoglutethimide influence plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). IGF-I, in turn, has been found to stimulate the peripheral aromatase in vitro. The aim of this study was to examine relations between sex hormones, IGF-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1(More)
Estrone sulphate (E1S) may be an important estrogen source in breast cancers, particularly in postmenopausal women. Recent studies have shown that tamoxifen inhibits the uptake and metabolism of E1S to estradiol (E2) in cell cultures. To evaluate a possible influence of tamoxifen on E1S disposition in vivo, we measured plasma levels of E1S together with(More)
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes 2C19, 2D6, and 3A5 are responsible for converting the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), tamoxifen to its active metabolites 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen (4OHtam) and 4-hydroxy-N-demethyltamoxifen (4OHNDtam, endoxifen). Inter-individual variations of the activity of these enzymes due to polymorphisms may be predictors of(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the administration route and cigarette smoking on plasma oestrogen levels during oral and parenteral oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT). Fourteen healthy postmenopausal women (six smokers and eight non-smokers) were recruited for a prospective, randomised, crossover study at a private outpatient medical(More)
The influence of the novel antiprogestin onapristone on the serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system was studied in a group of 13 postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer. Blood samples were obtained before treatment and subsequently after 1, 2 and 3 months on therapy. IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-2 were measured by(More)
The influence of plasma estrogen levels on disease-free interval (time from primary treatment to first relapse, DFI) in breast cancer patients is not known. Any relation between plasma estrogens and the outcome in breast cancer patients may have implications considering use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in patients treated for breast cancer. We(More)
The adipocytokine leptin has recently been shown to enhance the expression of aromatase via promoter II and I.3 using an AP-1 motif. Thus, we evaluated the correlation between plasma leptin concentrations and total body aromatization (TBA) as well as plasma levels of estrone (E(1)), estradiol (E(2)) and estrone sulfate (E(1)S) in postmenopausal breast(More)
Aromatase inhibition is a well-defined treatment option for postmenopausal breast cancer. Although several aromatase inhibitors such as aminoglutethimide, formestane and fadrozole have been found to inhibit in vivo aromatization by >85%, previous studies reported plasma estrogen levels to be sustained at approximately 20-50% of their control level during(More)