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This is a study of people living in Aland, a group of islands in the Baltic Sea between Finland and Sweden. 500 blood donors and 3,248 health service clients who did not have Lyme borreliosis were examined for Borrelia burgdorferi IgG antibodies. The method used was an ELISA containing a selection of diagnostic antigens to a Borrelia burgdorferi PKo strain.(More)
Erythema migrans is the most common manifestation of stage I Lyme borreliosis. This study investigated the relation between the subspecies of Borrelia burgdorferi involved, the time of development and the appearance of the manifestation. The study comprised 33 cases of erythema migrans yielding B. burgdorferi sensu lato by culture of skin biopsy. The(More)
Linkage disequilibrium analysis has been used as a tool for analyzing marker order and locating disease genes. Under appropriate circumstances, disequilibrium patterns reflect recombination events that have occurred throughout a population's history. As a result, disequilibrium mapping may be useful in genomic regions of < 1 cM where the number of(More)
The risk of contracting human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) after a tick bite is mainly unknown. In this study we investigated the clinical and serological response in 30 humans bitten by ticks positive for Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Group A), 30 humans bitten by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.)-positive ticks (Group B), and 30 humans bitten by(More)
Population isolates are increasingly being used in attempts to map genes underlying complex diseases. To further explore the utility of isolates for this purpose, we explore linkage disequilibrium patterns in polymorphisms from two regions (VWF and NF1) in three isolated populations from Finland. At the NF1 locus, the Finnish populations have greater(More)
Despite rather strict recommendations for antibiotic treatment of disseminated Lyme borreliosis (LB), evidence-based studies on the duration of antibiotic treatment are scarce. The aim of this multicenter study was to determine whether initial treatment with intravenous ceftriaxone (CRO) for 3 weeks should be extended with a period of adjunct oral(More)
The common tick Ixodes ricinus is the main vector in Europe of the tick-borne encephalitis virus and of several species of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, which are the etiological agents of Lyme borreliosis. The risk to contract bites of I. ricinus is dependent on many factors including the behaviour of both ticks and people. The tick’s site(More)
The still living members of the original bleeder family on the Aland Islands described by von Willebrand in 1926 have been reinvestigated by using modern laboratory techniques for the measurement of the Factor VIII complex and with regard to platelet aggregation. The low level of F VIII : C activity demonstrated in 1957 could be confirmed in some of the(More)