Dafna Singer-Lahat

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Complementary DNAs encoding three novel and distinct beta subunits (CaB2a, CaB2b and CaB3) of the high voltage activated (L-type) calcium channel have been isolated from rabbit heart. Their deduced amino acid sequence is homologous to the beta subunit originally cloned from skeletal muscle (CaB1). CaB2a and CaB2b are splicing products of a common primary(More)
Presynaptic voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels play a physiological role in the regulation of transmitter release by virtue of their ability to shape presynaptic action potentials. However, the possibility of a direct interaction of these channels with the exocytotic apparatus has never been examined. We report the existence of a physical interaction in brain(More)
Previously we suggested that interaction between voltage-gated K+ channels and protein components of the exocytotic machinery regulated transmitter release. This study concerns the interaction between the Kv2.1 channel, the prevalent delayed rectifier K+ channel in neuroendocrine and endocrine cells, and syntaxin 1A and SNAP-25. We recently showed in islet(More)
Voltage-gated K+ channels isolated from mammalian brain are composed of alpha and beta subunits. Interaction between coexpressed Kv1.1 (alpha) and Kvbeta1.1 (beta) subunits confers rapid inactivation on the delayed rectifier-type current that is observed when alpha subunits are expressed alone. Integrating electrophysiological and biochemical analyses, we(More)
Kv channels inhibit release indirectly by hyperpolarizing membrane potential, but the significance of Kv channel interaction with the secretory apparatus is not known. The Kv2.1 channel is commonly expressed in the soma and dendrites of neurons, where it could influence the release of neuropeptides and neurotrophins, and in neuroendocrine cells, where it(More)
Modulation of A-type voltage-gated K+ channels can produce plastic changes in neuronal signaling. It was shown that the delayed-rectifier Kv1.1 channel can be converted to A-type upon association with Kvbeta1.1 subunits; the conversion is only partial and is modulated by phosphorylation and microfilaments. Here we show that, in Xenopus oocytes, expression(More)
Enhancement of cardiac L-type Ca2+ channel activity by norepinephrine via phosphorylation by protein kinase A (PKA) underlines the positive inotropic effect of this transmitter and is a classical example of an ion channel modulation. However, it is not clear whether the channel protein itself (and which subunit) is a substrate for PKA. We have expressed(More)
Kv1.1/Kvbeta1.1 (alphabeta) K+ channel expressed in Xenopus oocytes was shown to have a fast inactivating current component. The fraction of this component (extent of inactivation) is increased by microfilament disruption induced by cytochalasins or by phosphorylation of the alpha subunit at Ser-446, which impairs the interaction of the channel with(More)
Regulation of exocytosis by voltage-gated K(+) channels has classically been viewed as inhibition mediated by K(+) fluxes. We recently identified a new role for Kv2.1 in facilitating vesicle release from neuroendocrine cells, which is independent of K(+) flux. Here, we show that Kv2.1-induced facilitation of release is not restricted to neuroendocrine(More)
K(+) efflux through voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels can attenuate the release of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and hormones by hyperpolarizing the membrane potential and attenuating Ca(2+) influx. Notably, direct interaction between Kv2.1 channels overexpressed in PC12 cells and syntaxin has recently been shown to facilitate dense core vesicle(More)