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Many wireless sensor network applications require sensor nodes to be deployed on the ground or other surfaces. However, there has been little effort to characterize the large- and small-scale path loss for surface-level radio communications. We present a comprehensive measurement of path loss and fading characteriztics for surface-level sensor nodes in the(More)
The identification of an appropriate multivariate copula for capturing the dependence structure in multivariate data is not straightforward. The reason is because standard multivariate copulas (such as the multivariate Gaussian, Student-t, and exchangeable Archimedean copulas) lack flexibility to model dependence and have other limitations, such as(More)
In recent years, the volume of educational contents has been explosively increased thanks to the rapid development of multimedia technologies. Furthermore, the development of smart devices has made various educational institutes use them as effective learning tools. Since more and more educational contents become available not only at school zone but at a(More)