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The HIV-1 restriction factor SAM domain- and HD domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) is proposed to inhibit HIV-1 replication by depleting the intracellular dNTP pool. However, phosphorylation of SAMHD1 regulates its ability to restrict HIV-1 without decreasing cellular dNTP levels, which is not consistent with a role for SAMHD1 dNTPase activity in HIV-1(More)
Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is a chromatin modifier involved in epigenetic regulation of cell cycle, apoptosis, and differentiation that is upregulated commonly in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we show that specific targeting of this HDAC isoform is sufficient to inhibit HCC progression. siRNA-mediated silencing of HDAC inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is one of the most fearful complications which may occur after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The methods used to predict POPF pre-operatively have not been studied in great detail. We analyzed correlation between various parameters related to PD including pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Human primary liver cancer is classified into biologically distinct subgroups based on cellular origin. Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been recently described. We investigated the ability of distinct lineages of hepatic cells to become liver CSCs and the phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity of primary liver cancer. METHODS We(More)
Epigenomic changes such as aberrant hypermethylation and subsequent atypical gene silencing are characteristic features of human cancer. Here, we report a comprehensive characterization of epigenomic modulation caused by zebularine, an effective DNA methylation inhibitor, in human liver cancer. Using transcriptomic and epigenomic profiling, we identified a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Aberrant activation of the RAS pathway is ubiquitous in human hepatocarcinogenesis, but the molecular mechanisms leading to RAS induction in the absence of RAS mutations remain under-investigated. We defined the role of Ras GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) in the constitutive activity of Ras signaling during human hepatocarcinogenesis. (More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met supports a pleiotrophic signal transduction pathway that controls stem cell homeostasis. Here, we directly addressed the role of c-Met in stem-cell-mediated liver regeneration by utilizing mice harboring c-met floxed alleles and Alb-Cre or Mx1-Cre transgenes. To activate oval cells, the hepatic stem cell (HSC)(More)
Even though the surgical techniques and perioperative care have improved, blood transfusions are still often required for the patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). But complications from blood transfusions, poor prognosis of blood transfused patients, cost, and availability of blood products demand transfusion free (TF) surgery in the PD(More)
HGF/c-Met signaling plays a pivotal role in hepatocyte survival and tissue remodeling during liver regeneration. HGF treatment accelerates resolution of fibrosis in experimental animal models. Here, we utilized Met(fl/fl);Alb-Cre(+/-) conditional knockout mice and a carbon tetrachloride(CCl(4))-induced liver fibrosis model to formally address the role of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Despite the development of surgical techniques, postoperative pancreatic fistula is still one of the main causes of serious morbidity after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Nevertheless numerous studies have been done, studies on preventing pancreatic fistula are lacking. This study is focused on the effectiveness of negative pressure external(More)