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In a test of the biotic ligand model (BLM), the uptake and toxicity of silver, in the absence or presence of the inorganic ligand, thiosulphate, were assessed for two freshwater green algae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Pseudokirchneriella sub-capitata, using turbidostat continuous cultures. In the initial experiments, run in the absence of thiosulphate,(More)
Rosa damascena has been manufactured as various food products, including tea, in Korea. A new flavonoid glycoside, kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->4)-beta-D-xylopyranoside, named roxyloside A was isolated from the buds of this plant, along with four known compounds, isoquercitrin, afzelin, cyanidin-3-O-beta-glucoside, and quercetin gentiobioside.(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Rhus parviflora is referred as 'Tintidikah' in traditional medicinal system of south Asia (Ayurveda). It is used in treatment of Vāta vikāra, a condition related to neurological complications as well as cure for stomach disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS Dried and powdered fruits of R. parviflora were extracted with 80%(More)
Column chromatographic technology was applied to isolate six purified ursane triterpenoids from the calyx of Fragaria ananassa and they were identified on the basis of spectroscopic methods to be ursolic acid (1), pomolic acid (2), 2-oxo-pomolic acid (3), 3-O-acetyl pomolic acid (4), fupenzic acid (5) and euscaphic acid (6). This is the first study in which(More)
Grains of sugary rice were extracted with 80% aqueous methanol, and the concentrated extracts were successively partitioned using ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water. From the n-butanol fractions, four flavonoid glycosides were isolated through repeated silica gel, octadecyl silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Based on the nuclear(More)
Short-term silver toxicity was determined for two freshwater algae, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, in the presence and absence of chloride. Silver speciation in the exposure media was controlled and algal growth was measured over 6 h. For P. subcapitata, an alga with low Ag uptake fluxes, silver toxicity could be predicted on(More)
Methanol extract of Koreana stewartia leaves (SKE) stimulated collagen production in ultraviolet-B (UVB)-irradiated human fibroblast cells. An active compound was isolated from SKE by successive partitioning and chromatography, and the chemical structure was determined to be 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosylspinasterol (spinasterol-Glc) by spectroscopic(More)
A series of experiments using various inducers and inhibitors of the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes were conducted to find CYP isozymes responsible for the metabolism of omeprazole in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Omeprazole, 20 mg/kg, was administered intravenously. In rats pretreated with SKF 525-A (a nonspecific CYP isozyme inhibitor in(More)
As a first step toward building a comprehensive microarray, two low density DNA microarrays were constructed and evaluated for the accurate detection of wastewater pathogens. The first one involved the direct hybridization of wastewater microbial genomic DNA to the functional gene probes while the second involved PCR amplification of 23S ribosomal DNA. The(More)
PCR-based analysis of Bacteroidales 16S rRNA genes has emerged as a promising tool to identify sources of fecal water pollution. In this study, three TaqMan real-time PCR assays (BacGeneral, BacHuman, and BacBovine) were developed and evaluated for their ability to quantitatively detect general (total), human-specific, and bovine-specific Bacteroidales 16S(More)