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PURPOSE We conducted a phase III randomized clinical trial to compare two myeloablative conditioning regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in patients with leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS After randomization, 64 patients received busulfan (3.2 mg/kg per day × 4 days) plus cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg(More)
We investigated the effects of nilotinib plus multiagent chemotherapy, followed by consolidation/maintenance or allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) for adult patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia-positive (Ph-pos) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study subjects received induction treatment that comprised concurrent vincristine,(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the activity of gemcitabine and weekly paclitaxel in patients with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. METHODS Thirty-five patients with platinum-resistant disease and prior treatment with paclitaxel received treatment with paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2) IV over 60 min, followed by gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) IV(More)
This study investigated whether orally administered probiotic bacteria (Bifidobacterium bifidum and Lactobacillus casei) and a gram-negative bacterium (Escherichia coli) function as allergic immune modulators to prevent food allergy, according to the hygiene hypothesis. C3H/HeJ mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) and cholera toxin for 5 weeks. After(More)
AIMS Parkinson's disease is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the gradual loss of dopaminergic neurons. We investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on dopaminergic neuronal loss and microglial activation using 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine/probenecid (MPTP/P)-induced Parkinson's disease mice. MAIN METHODS(More)
Intravenous (i.v.) busulfan can produce a more consistent pharmacokinetic profile than oral formulations can, but nonetheless, significant interpatient variability is evident. We investigated the influence of polymorphisms of 3 GST isozyme genes (GSTA1, GSTM1, and GSTT1) on i.v. busulfan clearance. Fifty-eight adult patients who received 3.2 mg/kg/day of(More)
Although recent studies have suggested that cessation of imatinib (IM) in chronic myeloid leukemia patients can be associated with sustained response, further validation is needed to explore predictive factors. In a prospective, multicenter study, chronic phase patients were eligible for cessation of IM therapy after more than 3 years if they had no(More)
The current retrospective study investigated the incidence of lymphocytosis following second-line dasatinib therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and analyzed the clinical factors predictive of the development of lymphocytosis, as well as association with treatment outcomes. Fifty CML patients who failed imatinib treatment and received dasatinib were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) behave as signal transducers in the cytoplasm and as transcription factors in the nucleus. In the current study, we analyzed the immunohistochemical staining patterns of gastrectomy tissue specimens. We investigated the expression of STAT3 and STAT5 and estimated the relationship(More)
Although hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) featuring secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has a grave prognosis, little is known about the natural course of the disease. Patients who showed the clinical features of HLH as well as tissue-proven hemophagocytosis when seen at Asan Medical Center between 1999 and 2010 were included in this analysis.(More)