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The generation of biologically active proteins by regulated intramembrane proteolysis is a highly conserved mechanism in cell signaling. Presenilin-dependent gamma-secretase activity is responsible for the intramembrane proteolysis of selected type I membrane proteins, including beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and Notch. A small fraction of(More)
4-Aminobutyrate aminotransferase is inactivated by preincubation with iodosobenzoate at pH 7. The reaction of 2 SH residues/dimer resulted in formation of an oligomeric species of Mr = 100,000 detectable by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The subunits cross-linked via a disulfide bond are dissociated by addition of(More)
A cDNA clone, MT-d, encoding metalloprotease precursor was isolated from snake (Agkistrodon halys brevicaudus) venom gland cDNA library. MT-d-I protein containing both metalloprotease and disintegrin domains, and MT-d-II protein containing the metalloprotease domain only were expressed in Escherichia coli and refolded successfully into their functional(More)
A homogeneous 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase isolated from pig brain exhibits a k(cat) of 9.6 s-1 and contains one mole of pyridoxal 5-phosphate/mole of dimer. THe reaction of the enzyme with gabaculine (5-amino-1,3-cyclohexadiene carboxylic acid) was studied by observing changes in the absorption spectrum of the bound cofactor and by monitoring loss of(More)
4-Aminobutyrate aminotransferase is inactivated by preincubation with bispyridoxal-5-P (mixing molar ratio, 20:1) at pH 7.0. The reaction with bispyridoxal-5-P under pseudo-first order conditions proceeds at a slow rate (kobs = 0.03 min-1). The extent of chemical modification was determined by measuring the spectroscopic properties of P-pyridoxyl and(More)
A cDNA clone, MT-c, encoding metalloprotease was isolated from snake (Agkistrodon halys brevicadus) venom gland cDNA library. Deduced amino acid sequence indicated that MT-c is composed of a signal sequence, amino-terminal propeptide, a central metalloprotease domain, and a Lys-Gly-Asp (KGD) disintegrin domain. The partial cDNA encoding metalloprotease and(More)
4-Aminobutyrate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.19, 4 aminobutyrate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase) is cleaved by trypsin, yielding an enzymatically active species which can be separated from the split peptides by gel filtration. The shortened enzyme derivative gives one band (Mr = 95,000) on polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis. Changes in protein(More)
The fluorescence dye 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS) was used as a probe of non-polar binding sites in 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase. ANS binds to a single binding site of the dimeric protein with a Kd of 6 microM. Nanosecond emission anisotropy measurements were performed on the ANS-enzyme in an effort to detect independent rotation of the(More)