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A technique called optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been developed for noninvasive cross-sectional imaging in biological systems. OCT uses low-coherence interferometry to produce a two-dimensional image of optical scattering from internal tissue microstructures in a way that is analogous to ultrasonic pulse-echo imaging. OCT has longitudinal and(More)
AIM To evaluate the anatomical features of C-shaped canal systems in Chinese mandibular second molars by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODOLOGY A total of 608 patients of Chinese descent with healthy, well-developed mandibular second molars were enrolled. These patients were referred to the West China Hospital of Stomatology and required(More)
This article focuses on the production of chemokines by resident glial cells of the nervous system. We describe studies in two distinct categories of inflammation within the nervous system: immune-mediated inflammation as seen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) or multiple sclerosis (MS) and post-traumatic inflammation. We provide evidence(More)
Late-onset and sporadic Alzheimer's disease are associated with the apolipoprotein E (apoE) type 4 allele expressing the protein isoform apoE4. Apolipoprotein E binds avidly to beta amyloid (A beta) peptide, a major component of senile plaque of Alzheimer's disease, in an isoform-specific manner. The apoE4 isoform binds to A beta peptide more rapidly than(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine the frequency of mutations in SH2D1A in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) and the role of SH2D1A mutations and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in determining the phenotype and outcome of patients with XLP. Analysis of 35 families from the XLP Registry revealed 28 different mutations in 34(More)
Noncontact, high resolution measurements of anterior eye structures using optical coherence domain reflectometry are described. Distances between intraocular structures are measured by directing a beam of short coherence length light onto the eye and performing an interferometric measurement on the optical group delay of reflected signals. Measurements of(More)
  • L Xu, Z Jiang, +7 authors D Yu
  • 1995
The infection rate of main species of parasites and their character by first nationwide survey of human parasites was made. The overall infection rate of human intestinal parasite and the infection rate of most species of parasites were higher in females than that in males. The infection rate according to the age group, the highest infection rate was found(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate optical coherence tomography for high-resolution, noninvasive imaging of the human retina. Optical coherence tomography is a new imaging technique analogous to ultrasound B scan that can provide cross-sectional images of the retina with micrometer-scale resolution. DESIGN Survey optical coherence tomographic examination of the(More)
A genetic classification of Alzheimer disease(s) (AD) is presented. We describe a potential metabolic process in individuals who inherit apolipoprotein E-epsilon 4 (APOE4, gene; apoE4, protein) alleles, leading to increased risk and earlier age of onset of late-onset Alzheimer disease. Apolipoprotein E-epsilon 3 (apoE3) binds to tau protein, possibly(More)
There are two distinct viewpoints on the association of the inheritance of apolipoprotein E (APOE) alleles and the age of onset distribution of Alzheimer's disease (AD): genetic and phenotypic expression. There have been multiple corroborations of the APOE-epsilon 4 association with Alzheimer's disease in populations around the world in clinic based studies(More)