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BACKGROUND Brassica rapa is one of the most economically important vegetable crops worldwide. Owing to its agronomic importance and phylogenetic position, B. rapa provides a crucial reference to understand polyploidy-related crop genome evolution. The high degree of sequence identity and remarkably conserved genome structure between Arabidopsis and Brassica(More)
BACKGROUND The rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) is a valuable and widely used model animal for biomedical research. However, quantitative analyses of rhesus gene expression profiles under diverse experimental conditions are limited by a shortage of suitable internal controls for the normalization of mRNA levels. In this study, we used a systematic approach(More)
BACKGROUND Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs) are the most abundant retrotransposons in humans. About 79% of human genes are estimated to contain at least one segment of LINE per transcription unit. Recent studies have shown that LINE elements can affect protein sequences, splicing patterns and expression of human genes. DESCRIPTION We have(More)
Overlapping genes are defined as a pair of genes whose transcripts are overlapped. Recently, many cases of overlapped genes have been investigated in various eukaryotic organisms; however, their origin and transcriptional control mechanism has not yet been clearly determined. In this study, we implemented evolutionary visualizer for overlapping genes(More)
BACKGROUND Hybrid genes are candidate risk factors for human tumors by inducing mutation, translocation, inversion, or rearrangement of genes. The occurrence of hybrid genes may also have given rise to new transcripts during hominid evolution. DESCRIPTION HYBRIDdb is a database of hybrid genes in humans. This system encompasses the bioinformatics analysis(More)
Streptococcus iniae is a beta-hemolytic, Gram-positive coccus, which affects a broad range of freshwater and marine fish species, causing substantial economic losses in the aquaculture industry worldwide. Thus, it is very important to derive a complete genome sequence of the bacterium to aid in the development of vaccines and methods for preventing fish(More)
As a human replacement, the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is an invaluable non-human primate model for biomedical research, but the lack of genetic information on this primate has represented a significant obstacle for its broader use. Here, we sequenced the transcriptome of 16 tissues originated from two individuals of crab-eating macaque (male(More)
The Protocadherin 11X/Y (PCDH11X/Y) gene pair has been proposed as a carrier of the variation relating to cerebral asymmetry and psychosis on the ground that the Y gene was generated by duplication at 6 million years (close to the chimpanzee-human separation) and there is a case for an X/Y determinant of cerebral asymmetry. The present article investigated(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known for their role in mRNA silencing via interference pathways. Repetitive elements (REs) share several characteristics with endogenous precursor miRNAs. In this study, 406 previously identified and 1,494 novel RE-derived miRNAs were sorted from the GENCODE v.19 database using the RepeatMasker program. They were divided into six(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetic regulatory mechanism that plays an essential role in mediating biological processes and determining phenotypic plasticity in organisms. Although the horse reference genome and whole transcriptome data are publically available the global DNA methylation data are yet to be known. We report the first genome-wide DNA methylation(More)