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BACKGROUND Brassica rapa is one of the most economically important vegetable crops worldwide. Owing to its agronomic importance and phylogenetic position, B. rapa provides a crucial reference to understand polyploidy-related crop genome evolution. The high degree of sequence identity and remarkably conserved genome structure between Arabidopsis and Brassica(More)
BACKGROUND The rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) is a valuable and widely used model animal for biomedical research. However, quantitative analyses of rhesus gene expression profiles under diverse experimental conditions are limited by a shortage of suitable internal controls for the normalization of mRNA levels. In this study, we used a systematic approach(More)
Overlapping genes are defined as a pair of genes whose transcripts are overlapped. Recently, many cases of overlapped genes have been investigated in various eukaryotic organisms; however, their origin and transcriptional control mechanism has not yet been clearly determined. In this study, we implemented evolutionary visualizer for overlapping genes(More)
BACKGROUND Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs) are the most abundant retrotransposons in humans. About 79% of human genes are estimated to contain at least one segment of LINE per transcription unit. Recent studies have shown that LINE elements can affect protein sequences, splicing patterns and expression of human genes. DESCRIPTION We have(More)
BACKGROUND Hybrid genes are candidate risk factors for human tumors by inducing mutation, translocation, inversion, or rearrangement of genes. The occurrence of hybrid genes may also have given rise to new transcripts during hominid evolution. DESCRIPTION HYBRIDdb is a database of hybrid genes in humans. This system encompasses the bioinformatics analysis(More)
As a human replacement, the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is an invaluable non-human primate model for biomedical research, but the lack of genetic information on this primate has represented a significant obstacle for its broader use. Here, we sequenced the transcriptome of 16 tissues originated from two individuals of crab-eating macaque (male(More)
The Protocadherin 11X/Y (PCDH11X/Y) gene pair has been proposed as a carrier of the variation relating to cerebral asymmetry and psychosis on the ground that the Y gene was generated by duplication at 6 million years (close to the chimpanzee-human separation) and there is a case for an X/Y determinant of cerebral asymmetry. The present article investigated(More)
The Methanobrevibacter sp. strain JH1 was isolated from the rumen of Korean native cattle (HanWoo; Bos taurus coreanae). Here, we provide a 2.06-Mb draft genome sequence of strain JH1 that might provide more information about the lifestyle of ru-men methanogens and about the genes and proteins that can be targeted to curb methane emissions. M ethane, a(More)
TALE-nuclease chimeras (TALENs) can bind to and cleave specific genomic loci and, are used to engineer gene knockouts and additions. Recently, instead of using the FokI domain, epigenetically active domains, such as TET1 and LSD1, have been combined with TAL effector domains to regulate targeted gene expression via DNA and histone demethylation. However,(More)
Recently, conjoined genes (CGs) have emerged as important genetic factors necessary for understanding the human genome. However, their formation mechanism and precise structures have remained mysterious. Based on a detailed structural analysis of 57 human CG transcript variants (CGTVs, discovered in this study) and all (833) known CGs in the human genome,(More)