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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stent placement for intracranial atherosclerosis has become an alternative treatment technique; however, stent placement for middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis remains a technical and clinical challenge. Our purpose was to assess the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of stent placement for MCA stenosis. METHODS Between May(More)
Anti N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is one of the most common types of autoimmune synaptic encephalitis. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis commonly occurs in young women with ovarian teratoma. It has variable clinical manifestations and treatment responses. Sometimes it is misdiagnosed as a psychiatric disorder or viral encephalitis. To the(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor intentional disorders (MIDs) are characterized by dysfunction in the preparation, initiation, maintenance, and termination of goal-oriented actions. In this study, we investigated (1) whether patients with right hemisphere strokes (RHS) and left hemisphere strokes (LHS) differ in the frequency of delayed action initiation (hypokinesia) and(More)
Glomerular visceral epithelial cells, namely podocytes, are highly specialized cells and give rise to primary processes, secondary processes, and finally foot processes. The foot processes of neighboring podocytes interdigitate, leaving between them filtration slits. These are bridged by an extracellular substance, known as the slit diaphragm, which plays a(More)
Cerebral ischemia increases neural progenitor cell proliferation and neurogenesis. However, the precise molecular mechanism is poorly understood. The present study was undertaken to determine roles of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and their signaling pathways in neural progenitor cells exposed to(More)
We describe detailed clinical, biochemical, neuroimaging and neuropathological features in adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP), encompassing hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids (HDLS) and pigmentary orthochromatic leukodystrophy (POLD), linked to colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor(More)
We assessed knowledge and perceptions of epilepsy held by Korean adolescents in the general population, and investigated factors important in adolescents' perceptions of stigma with respect to epilepsy. Surveys were distributed to students at 22 schools. A total of 1377 students participated. Fewer than half of all students (45.1%) reported hearing or(More)
We investigated factors contributing to teachers' attitudes toward students with epilepsy. Data were collected from 604 teachers in Korea. The questionnaire included the Scale of Attitudes Toward Persons with Epilepsy (ATPE) and a demographic and teaching experience survey. In stepwise linear regression analysis, ATPE Knowledge scores (P<0.001) and prior(More)
Recent reports have suggested that hemispatial neglect may be a vestibular disorder at the cortical level, based on the similarities of symptoms and neural correlates between the two phenomena. If this is the case, peripheral vestibulopathy may lead to hemispatial neglect. However, the etiology of hemispatial neglect in patients with unilateral peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dissections of the carotid and vertebral arteries can be detected by several imaging modalities, but there is yet no consensus on the most efficient and effective choice. METHODS We performed diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in four patients with vertebral artery dissection documented with T2- and T1-weighted axial magnetic(More)