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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stent placement for intracranial atherosclerosis has become an alternative treatment technique; however, stent placement for middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis remains a technical and clinical challenge. Our purpose was to assess the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of stent placement for MCA stenosis. METHODS Between May(More)
Using a frozen section technique, we have assessed the effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist upon brain swelling caused by ischemic brain edema in a rat model of focal cerebral infarction. Although pretreatment with the competitive NMDA antagonist, D-CPPene or the noncompetitive NMDA antagonist, CNS 1102 reduced both the volumes of infarction(More)
BACKGROUND Tonic inward and downward deviation of the eyes ("peering at the tip of the nose") is regarded as a unique feature of thalamic hemorrhage, but the mechanisms of this ocular finding remain obscure. OBJECTIVES To describe 4 patients who showed tonic inward and downward deviation of the eyes from brainstem or thalamic lesions and to discuss the(More)
OBJECTIVE Unilateral temporoparietal injury may result in an attentional deficit for stimuli presented in contralesional space. Thus, bilateral temporoparietal degeneration associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) might result in a bilateral attentional disturbance. Tests for hemispatial neglect, however, primarily assess spatial attentional asymmetries, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) can show an intravascular thrombus as a hypointense susceptibility vessel sign (SVS). In this study, we investigated the usefulness of SWI in the detection of an intravascular thrombus in acute cardioembolic stroke by comparing the SVS on SWI to the vessel status on time-of-flight magnetic(More)
Recent reports have suggested that hemispatial neglect may be a vestibular disorder at the cortical level, based on the similarities of symptoms and neural correlates between the two phenomena. If this is the case, peripheral vestibulopathy may lead to hemispatial neglect. However, the etiology of hemispatial neglect in patients with unilateral peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND The frontotemporal lobar degeneration-specific clinical dementia rating (FTLD-CDR), which was recently developed to measure frontotemporal dementia (FTD) severity, includes 2 items that assess language and behavior in addition to the 6 items of the conventional CDR. METHODS To investigate which of the 3 ratings, i.e. the global score of the CDR(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor intentional disorders (MIDs) are characterized by dysfunction in the preparation, initiation, maintenance, and termination of goal-oriented actions. In this study, we investigated (1) whether patients with right hemisphere strokes (RHS) and left hemisphere strokes (LHS) differ in the frequency of delayed action initiation (hypokinesia) and(More)
A 20-year-old man with bilateral medial medullary infarction showed transition of bowtie and upbeat nystagmus into hemi-seesaw nystagmus. Follow-up MRI revealed near complete resolution of the right medullary lesion. This transition of nystagmus suggests that the upbeat nystagmus was generated by bilateral lesions in the ascending pathways from both(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with the cerebellar variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-C) often show cognitive deficits in various cognitive domains. The association between morphometric changes in cortical and subcortical structures and cognitive impairments in MSA-C were investigated to explore the neural correlates responsible for cognitive deficits(More)